During the early part of 1776, John Adams made a resolution for preparing a Declaration, and hence he created a committee to develop the same. Thomas Jefferson was given the task of drafting the Declaration and finally on July 4th 1776, the Declaration was passed by the Continental Congress (Library of Congress). This Declaration was a justification of Independence from the British Empire and was addressed to King George III. It claimed for several rights for the people of American such as natural, legal and revolutionary rights in case the government could not meet their needs. It was the base to marginalize people towards motivating them to meet their goals. In the future, the Declaration was used as a mean to interpret and develop the Constitution of the US (US Department of the Historian).
Rousseau’s social contract theory has influenced the creation of the Declaration. According to the social contract theory, men are in an agreement with their government and the government would be having certain roles and responsibilities to their people. The basis for this theory is that humans have left a natural living environment and have joined society. According to Jefferson, he has mentioned that men have governed powers to the government and when this form of government becomes destructive then people have the right to dismiss. In this way, the Declaration tends towards the social contract and nature theory (E-notes).
There were several problems noted in the Declaration. Firstly, the British king failed to create any law for the common good of the American people and hence Declaration has to be made for independence. The second problem mentioned was that taxes were imposed on the Americans without their consent. Thirdly, the British were making unjust use of power of the military. These ideas were being reflected in the