Before analyzing the three variables, it is important to look at the crude birth rate for these countries as it will give a detailed picture to our analysis. The crude birth rate is the change in population excluding the effects of migration. It is the annual number of live births per 1000 population. According to the World Bank the crude birth rates for Cuba, Israel and US are as follows:
The data shows highest birth rate in Israel followed by the United States and then Cuba. The fertility rate is defined as the number of children per women and indicates the culture of family planning, the trend towards family structure and population growth in the country. A high fertility signifies less concentration on family planning, larger family structure and higher population growth. The fertility rates for the US, Israel and Cube, according to the latest World Bank data are as follows:
According to the fertility rates mentioned above Israel has the highest rate with US following close and Cuba having the lowest rate amongst them all. The graphs (see appendix A1 & A2) shows a direct relationship of the crude birth rate with the fertility rate, i.e. the higher the crude birth rate the higher is the fertility figure. In other words a country with high fertility rate implies a high growth in population. The small population growth in Cuba along with small family unit culture gives it a low fertility rate. The rate of US is high due to its high population growth figure so the average birth per woman comes to be a higher figure. In true essence Israel depicts high birth rate as its rates are the highest amongst the three countries under analysis. The large family units and the fewer supporters of birth control make Israel a country with a high fertility figure.
The mortality rate is the number of people surviving till a certain age. For mortality figures there are infant mortality rates, under five mortality