According to conflict perspective of sociological theories, crime is caused by the struggle for power and scarce resources (Schaefer, 2007). According to the perspective, the society has sub-groups which compete for the economic and social resources. Social classes such as the high income class which dominate economic resources, political power and low income class which is characterized by low incomes and power exist in the society (Schaefer, 2007). The oppressed group will perceive inequality and challenge the status quo by engaging in crimes such as looting, violent murders and kidnapping the rich. According to this perspective, the social structure creates conflicts in the society which later lead to criminal activities. Crime can be eliminated by reducing inequalities in the social structure and equal distribution of economic resources (Schaefer, 2007). The third sociological perspective that can be used to explain the causes of crime in the society is the interactionist perspective (Schaefer, 2007). According to this perspective, the meaning of crime is derived from interactions with other individuals. Human beings communicate through symbols, language and mannerisms thus people attach meaning to those acts. The society will dictate the rules and anybody who contravenes the laws is deviant (Schaefer, 2007). These acts may not be bad but are considered as crimes since they contravene the rules. For instance, refusing to kill the enemy during war will be considered deviant.
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In the research paper “Sociological perspectives and crime” the author explains the causes of crime and criminal behaviors in the society. These theories link the prevailing social structures, social values and peer groups to individual criminality…
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7 pages (1750 words)Research Paper
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