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Social Institutions: Health Care - Research Paper Example

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The article published by the American Institute of medicine elucidates on what constitutes a system. “A system is a set of interdependent elements interacting to achieve a common aim. The elements may be both human and non-human (equipment, technologies, etc.)” (Kohn et al.1999, p.52). Institutions by definition are the more enduring feature of social life (Giddens 1984, p.24), When viewed as a system rather than just science and its application, it is possible to close relations to the sociological aspect of health care. Health care; its reform and sociological interpretations are based on individual and organizational needs; their core values; religious fanaticism and practices or can simply, as Max Weber points out in his sociological writings (1994), be classified under the “Rights of Man” Health care and reform as a sociological institution has been debated and established on the same grounds of the close relation between sociology and science. The parallels and have been drawn where science is involved with the aspect of social behaviour and change. Marx’s theory and vision of a socialist society has been termed idealistic but it applies in the division of labour (cumulative action) between the rungs of society. But evidence available in various socialist organizational theories has shown more affinity to the Conflict theory. This article will examine the relation between the main sociological theories and how they apply in the institution of health care, its influences on the individual, the organization and the social system as a whole. Similarities and conclusions have been drawn in addressing the following 1. Norms and Behaviours: Embedded chains of social relations 2. Social Phenomena and context 3. Conflict Theory and its prevalence even today. 4. Gender equality: its bearings on health care. The article review and analyzes health care and its influences on society based on these four theories. Norms and behaviours: Embedded chains of Social relations: Inter agency relationships are as important in health care as they are in personal and over all societal wellbeing. Health care agencies are linked to insurance companies who have a network relationship with care providers, who in turn have clinics, specialists, practitioners and hospitals under their belt. Effective communication and good relationships and protocols keep hospitals in network with other hospitals for exchange and transfer of man power, scientific testing equipments, medical samples and the like. Hospitals and organizations take an active part in society and its needs. Most hospitals have to work together as a unit to cater to the needs of the diverse population comprising of different races, cultures and languages. Patients or the individuals however look at hospitals not as the organization but as an individual entity that they have a physiological connection with for various reasons. Health care institutions therefore work on the micro-macro connection that links network theory with the social structure and its functions (Newman 2002, p.256-257). The article further investigates how this chain bids the system together. Social phenomena and Context: Thomas H.Lee, MD and James J Morgan, MD (2009) talks about the inequality in growth in different sectors of health care. Health care and its ...Show more
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Social Institutions: Health Care Author Sociology Division Name of professor Jan 2, 2012 Social Institutions: Health Care Over the years, the study of Sociology as a science has been a point of debate. The evolution of society seeks its influence from, and, is closely related to many different factors that are interlinked to create a contributory social setting…
Social Institutions: Health Care
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