Historical analysis shows that pre industrial nuclear families were tied together by kinship into the family which an individual was born in, the family of procreation, which is founded upon matrimonial agreements. The family also includes members of the spouse’s family. In other cultures the nuclear family may extend to numerous individuals due to the practice of polygamy and polygyny. The family can also be extended through common residents, when two or more families live together. This is known as extended family, and is practiced through out the world, particularly in India.
The family has a diverse role in society as an individual gains his principles form this institution and spends a majority of his life with his or her family. Some the major functions of family include, satisfaction of sexual needs and desires. Sex is a natural instinct and each individual needs to satisfy his or her sexual urges. This requires people to live together, in addition, sex and family in the sense of husband and wife is method of reproduction an procreation which is essential for human survival. The family is also a protective environment for the young and is used to give them the fundamentals of life and lessons for the future. The family is essential in building one’s character and esteem. The family also teaches the child social norms and the behavior which appropriate and acceptable in society.
However, in recent times there several problems which the institution of family is facing today. These include absence of father or mother figure, lack of discipline, lack of communication, balance of work and family, negative media influence and materialism(Issues facing family today, n.d).The absence of a father or mother figure can be attributed to the following, divorce and gay marriages. This deprives the child of certain attributes that are only possessed by a particular sex. Studies have been carried out