The author claims that the social classes are the reason why inequality exists. He states, that it is caused by the fact that there are certain sectors in society, which continue to take advantage of natural and human resources while depriving others of it and since social classes are not historical accidents as asserted by Marx, it is clear that social inequality is not inevitable. But how does social equality can be reached?
Together with effects and perspectives, the writer presents solutions and outlines types of social inequality. Along with the writer's strong opinion, the paper includes 5 references on the problem.
Social inequality is a problem that continues to plague many countries of the world. This issue is one that affects only the developing or the underdeveloped countries but also the large industrial nations as well. While the degree or severity may differ, the fact remains that the peoples of these countries do continue to bear the burden of the effects of social inequality. In fact, after a series of global financial crises that occurred in the 1990s and the first decade of the millennium, the world’s largest economies, which includes the United States and Japans, saw social inequalities in their respective societies worsened. Even the welfare states of Europe, which have always presented themselves as adherents to egalitarian principles have seen the same problem becoming more serious.
es that seek to alleviate the conditions of the marginalized sectors in society but do not liberate them totally from the clutches of social inequality. Social welfare projects are prime examples of this. The private sector also contributes to the effort. They also establish charitable institutions, with funds coming from entities and individuals that belong to that part of the population who are economically powerful. These palliative solutions, without a doubt, do not solve the problem of social inequality. These may lessen the sufferings that people experience under such setup but these do not eradicate the conditions that favor it. As a result, two perspectives could develop in the process. One is that people would come to believe that social inequality is a historical inevitability and, hence, it could never be avoided or resolved. Because it is predestined, the only option left would be to ensure that the actual effects on the people are made less severe. The state, in cooperation with the private sector, may take the lead in this respect. This perspective is one that may be adhered to by those who are in the upper rungs of the economic ladder. The other perspective that could evolve when social inequality exists is that democratic society is a meritocracy. This means that only those who have been able to succeed in their careers or who have been good at steering their businesses are the ones who deserve certain rights and privileges in society. Such perspective is normally acquired by those in the middle class who, due to their education, have better opportunities than those who are part of the working class. Both perspectives mentioned here are conservative in nature because these essentially believe that social inequality is natural. Unless the bases of social