Additionally, it refers to the collective principles and the rites of a group linking them to the supernatural (Carens, 2000, p. 89). On the other hand, religious fundamentalism refers to a group of crusade that developed as a result of the aggressive evangelical crusade who come from the United States during the 19th and 20th century in disagreement to Protestant Free-thinking and Secularism demanding on the inerrancy of Scripture (Hesse, 2000, p. 45).
The movement adhered to the theology movement during that time (Goldberg, 1994). Thus, it can be described as a crusade that revisited what they believed to be the defining philosophies of religion (Grillo, 1998, p. 67). It has developed to signify any spiritual or sacred enclave that purposely resisted an association with the bigger religious sect in which it emanated from on the basis that, the main values upon which the bigger sacred groups were founded have turned out to be corrupt or evacuated (Hastings, 1997, p. 32).
This essay presents how the sociologists sought to explain the rise of religious fundamentalisms. It first looks at multiculturalism, value pluralism, Huntington views on civilization, Appadurai views on fear of small numbers, Gray’s views on al-Qaeda and the western and Islam view on sexuality and gender.
Multiculturalism refers to a society with several cultures (Hesse, 2000, p. 56). In descriptive terms, it refers to a society with multiple cultures, and in normative terms, it refers to beliefs or procedures that encourage this assortment or its institutionalization (Bennett, 1998, p. 67). Barry (2001, p.78) argues that multiculturalism is a community, which is at comfort with the abundant twisted life and the wish between people to state their own uniqueness in the way that they believe fits. These ideologies vary from state to another state because of individual diversity. Proponents of multiculturalism question the idea of maintenance of