During this time period (1830s to 1920s), only the male gender was allowed to vote. Likewise, the new criminal justice system included the first parole and probation provisions (Manza, 2006).
After the United States Civil War, the felons were stripped of their voting rights. From 1865 to 1900, the several states of the United States implemented the policy of stripping the felons their voting rights. In the United States’ South Carolina community, certain crimes included the stripping of the felons’ voting rights. Some of the crimes are housebreaking, wife beating, and arson. Other crimes included adultery, thievery, and attempted rape. During 1875, Nebraska was pegged as the 36th state that stripped the felons of their voting rights until they had completed their jail terms or other legal requirements (Manza, 2006). During the 1870s, other states banned felons from voting. Arkansas and Texas banned the felons from voting. Similarly, Wyoming as well as Montana stripped the felons of their right to vote.
Further, the majority of the member states of our United States strip the felons of their voting rights. Only three of the fifty states allow felons the right to vote. One of the three states is Maine. The second state is Utah. The third state is Vermont. The other 47 states, including the Columbia District (D.C.), prohibit the felons from voting during their jail term. The authors reported that 32 states prohibit felons who are under the parole system from exercising the right to vote. In a stricter manner, 15 states prohibit convicted felons the right to vote after they had finished their jail terms. In 1999, Florida’s Department of Elections paid a $2 million contract to the Republican political Party’s Database Technologies to delete felons from the 1999 list of voters. The deletion was implemented in order to disallow all felons from voting in the 2000 elections (Massey,