Certain professions increase the risks of workers being victims of workplace violence. Factors including exchange of money with the public, interaction with volatile characters, lone work or working in small groups and isolated work areas increase the probability of workplace violence occurring. Work areas with high crime rates and serving of alcohol, like in bars, also increases the likelihood of workplace violence occurring (Giraffe, 2011).
Millions of American employees are subjected to work violence annually. However, many of these cases go unreported. In 2009, approximately 572,000 nonfatal crimes were orchestrated against members of the work force aged 16 years and older while at their places of work. In the same year, a reported 4 in every 1000 workers aged 16 and over were victims of violence while at work. Across the USA, workplace violence is the second leading cause of occupational injury. Individuals in certain professions are more vulnerable to this kind of violence. These include nurses, taxi drivers, mail carriers, law enforcement officers, customer service employees and utility workers. Additionally, most of these crimes are perpetrated by strangers; most of the homicides at places result from robberies (Shumaker & Feldstein, 2004). Homicides are the second leading cause of fatal occupational injury in the USA. In 2011 alone, 458 workplace homicides took place. Between 1997 and 2010, 79% of workplace homicides involved shooting and between 2005 and 2009 70% of the homicides committed were by robbers and assailants while approximately 21% were by work colleagues. Increased access to firearms by individuals play a role in the prevalence of workplace violence. Vindictiveness paired with access to firearms enables an individual to settle scores with those they believe offended them. Lax security measures, as well, create opportunities where individuals are able to access buildings while carrying firearms. In addition, the