rams that incorporate gender-based aspects, especially those related to low educational level, domestic abuse, and poverty; and, second, the HIV surveillance program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
New York State had roughly 11,000 known cases of HIV by 1987, comprising 30% of the total HIV cases in the U.S. Most of these cases take place in New York City, where HIV is the leading cause of death in males aged 24 to 45 and women aged 25 to 29 (NYS AIDS Advisory Council, 2005, 13-14). However, as time goes by, HIV has become more and more of a disease of women. The prevalence of HIV infection among women in New York has rose considerably over the recent decade. In 1999, female teens and adult women comprised roughly 26% of HIV cases reported in the state, in comparison to 19% in 1999 (NYS Department of Health, 2004, 24). HIV is becoming more and more prevalent among those belonging to ethnic minorities, especially women. Women of color comprise a large portion of new HIV diagnoses. According to the New York State Department of Health (2004, 24):
Among cumulative female AIDS cases in New York State through June 2000, 53.7 percent are Black; 30.9 percent Hispanic; 14.9 percent White; 0.3 percent Asian/Pacific Islander, and 0.03 percent Native American.
The leading cause of HIV infection for women is intravenous use of substance or drugs; though, a growing number of new HIV diagnoses are caused by heterosexual interaction with some admitting such interaction as their main HIV risk (NYS Department of Health, 2014).
The CDC finds out that the percentage of new cases of HIV in the U.S. among the female population has almost quadrupled, in the recent decade. Moreover, prevalence of HIV varies significantly by race. Here are several important facts (Smith, 2008):
With such reports the New York State Department of Health/AIDS Institute developed and carried out programs designed to concentrate on women, especially those belonging to minority