However, there were efforts to standardize education after Revolutionary War and textbooks with standardized spellings were introduced in schools in order to instill patriotism and religious beliefs. The mid-19th century saw the realization of the need of compulsory education in order to prevent immigrants’ values from corrupting the American ideals and also teach the students the skills that were essential for the industrialized economy (Barkan 24). Educationists assert that compulsory education plays a role in socialization since students are capable of learning the societal values and norms such as respect for authority, punctuality, patriotism and individualism that define the American society (Halliman 67). Education in Japan is centered on ethnic groups and college admissions depend on test scores. In this case, Japanese values and norms of harmony and belonging to groups are taught in schools as performance is mainly determined by the ethnic group performance (Cosgrove-Mather 7). In some industrialized nations such as Russia, education is based on socialist models and utilized to build support for the government through imparting socialist and patriotism ideals. In this case, education is free and a centralized curriculum that stresses mathematics and sciences in colleges (Barkan 36).
Education facilitates social integration since immigrants and international students have the opportunity to learn about US history and different cultures. Accordingly, education has enabled social placement since students are capable of identifying their strengths and weaknesses, the interests and hobbies and get assistance in nurturing their talents. For instance, the bright students manage to pursue the challenging courses and education fields such as medicine and engineering while other students pursue lesser demanding education fields such as social studies and languages (Halliman 73).
Klein claims that the American education system has