eviants in the society, such as joining street gangs or cults, will start with the public display of smoking as a sign that they are transforming from what the society knew them for, to something different. However, most people have not been able to evaluate the evidence associated with this claim, since such claims have been associated with attempts to interfere with individual prerogatives and freedoms in a world where such freedoms are guaranteed (Mansnerus, n.p.). Additionally, a correlation has been found between smoking and educational income according to the Centers for Disease Control, where 28.9% of the black population and 26.4% of the white population have been found to be smokers with corresponding financial inadequacies (Mansnerus, n.p.).
Smoking is a leisurely habitual activity undertaken by individuals at their own discretion and it has been a rampant behavior traditionally. According to the Symbolic interaction theory, people act according to the way they interpret their surrounding world, with the people developing and using certain symbolic meanings in the process of social interaction, to represent their perception of life (Chambliss and Eglitis, 77). In this respect, the argument that smoking is now associated with deviant behavior becomes subjective, considering the fact that it has to rely on the individual interpretation of the behavior. There have been several attempts by different authorities to restrict the behavior, owing to its health consequence such as cancer and lung diseases that are associated with smoking.
However, the attempt to introduce such controls has been met with a lot of resistance from the people who participate in the smoking habits as well as the civil rights activists, who defends the behavior as an individual prerogative (Mansnerus, n.p.).The resistance stems from the belief that smoking is not just a leisurely activity, but the representation of a people’s freedom and prerogative. This argument can be backed by