Georg Simmel was a German philosopher, critic, and a sociologist who lived between 1858 and 1918 (Appelrouth & Edles, 2008). He was a pioneer sociologist in Germany. Simmel’s neo-Kantian approach became the base for sociological antipositivism. Instead, of examining the nature as examined by Immanuel Kant, Simmel focused on the society. According to him, culture is the cultivation of people through external forms objectified in the course of history. He discussed cultural and social phenomena in terms of content and forms with a transitory relationship, whereby content become forms, and vice versa. Simmel was thus, a precursor to reasoning styles of structuralisms. Georg Simmel refuted the organicist theories of Herbert Spencer and Auguste Comte. He refused to see the society as an organism or a thing as presented by Spencer and Comte. He saw society as composed of multiple relationships between individuals. His view, the term society is just a word for individuals linked by interactions. Simmel came up with the term socialism, which implies interactions between several individuals. According to Simmel, society is nothing other than the individuals constituting it. In his examination of society, he attempted to understand all social types like the mediator, the stranger, and the poor, and many more. His social types became complementary to his idea of social forms. A social type turns to a type due to his/her relationship with other individuals who assign him/her a particular position.
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