The functionalist perspective of reviewing and analyzing social problems emphasizes on the connectedness of the society by focusing on how the different parts of the society related to each other (Knox & Schacht, 2007).
Immigration qualifies as a social issue because it fits into the four stages of social problems. The first stage is to define the occurring problem before it becomes known to the wider public but is already posing a threat to the community. Illegal immigration is a threat to the American society it leads unmonitored crime, non-citizen voting and imbalance in the workforce. The second stage is the official response when the problem enters the public arena through the media channels. The relationship between illegal immigration and other societal issues are aired on various media channels throughout the country. The reaction to this response is the third stage. The public takes action towards the social issue. Community groups, society leaders, residents, and law enforcement authorities are the immediate responders of the illegal immigration. The last stage is the alternate strategies when the public attempts to handle the issue. Reporting cases of illegal immigrants, deporting felons and the government crackdown on illegal immigrations at the country borders are some of the approaches outlined in the Immigration Reforms to handle the issue.
Herbert Spencer was integral in the founding of the functionalist theory. He considered the society a living organism with various interrelated components. Some organisms are more adapted to live and adapt to social dynamics. Therefore, they are better adapted to changes in the environment. Talcott Parson is the other functionalist who believed that the society is a grand system with many individuals each working to make the system functional. One individual in the system fails, and it all goes down (Holmwood, 2004). The advantage of using functionalist