Qualitative researchers face many obstacles as they try to create a valid and reliable study. The most significant factor that poses a problem for qualitative researchers is error. It is worth recognizing that many investigations are undermined by error. The magnitude of the error is directly related to the accuracy and truthfulness of the results. Consequently, qualitative researchers have to be careful about potential sources of error when they are planning and implementing their studies. The research methodology is affected by four major sources of error. The research is the primary source of error because the inability to pay attention to details may undermine the quality of their research. The other source of error is the subjects who are participating in the study. They may provide inaccurate information that may undermine the study (Cho & Trent, 2006). The situation or social context may undermine the study. The methods of data collection and analysis can pose a significant challenge to the researcher. Qualitative researchers are also limited by the social context within which the data is collected and analyzed. The behavior of individuals may vary with the prevailing social circumstance (Shenton, 2004). For example, individuals who are alone they may provide honest answers to sensitive questions. In contrast, they may manipulate their answers to fit the situation if questioned in public In addition, many peoples have concerns about qualitative research.
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This paper analyses that qualitative researchers face many validity and reliability issues due to concerns emanating from four key areas that include credibility, dependability, conformability and transferability. Quantitative research uses internal validation methods that enhance its validity and reliability…
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