Statistical existence of the inequalities in counseling, in treatment, as well as in diagnosis of the African-Caribbean group in the UK is well documented alongside the sociological explanations following those inequalities which happen to be centered on social exclusion in various forms. The reason behind inequalities in health service provision with a focus on counseling services which in essence, entails social exclusion is the conceptual ground of the proposed research. Following the publication of the 1979 Black report (Townsend and Davidson, 1982), inequalities in health have more often than not been a major concern of most of the UK health researchers. Moreover, the wide spread existence of inequalities in health among the ethnic groups in the UK is also well documented Smaje and Grand, 1997). However, the mental and physical outcomes as outlined in these studies appear to vary with ethnicity (NHS Executive Mental Health Task force, 1992). However, what remains ill understood pertains to the precise mechanisms through which those inequalities are practiced, as well as factors that supersede those inequalities. The specific inequality in health that this proposed research seeks to address is the counseling experienced by the members of the Afro-Caribbean community living in the UK. According to Bhui (1998), under-utilization of the support services seem to be an essential contributor to low health outcomes observed among the Afro-Caribbean community. While there are various notable factors that work to contribute to health inequalities, this suggested research focuses on the factors that hinder the Afro-Caribbean from accessing the counseling services in the UK. The policy environment of such health services often target eliminating any role health services might have in generating health inequalities. Arguably, equal opportunities legislation often makes explicit treatment inequalities by the practitioners a malpractice. The existing government policies, as well promote partnership with members of the disadvantaged communities at grassroots with a view to ensuring accessibility and appropriateness of services, alongside fostering some sense of public accountability (McLeod, 2003). When patients are addressed as consumers, deinstitutionalization of health services, as well as the rising counseling users has provided room for active involvement of the interested groups in treatment and health services. Clearly, this research proposal would take place within the national policy efforts in order to achieve inclusion of the marginalized groups in delivery and design of the health services. In micro-level interactions that take place between members and the health services inclusion and exclusion in services is often experienced and understanding the relationship existing between health inequalities and the social exclusion. As can be inferred from the body of literature preceding this section, detailed studies on factors hindering Afro-Caribbean people in accessing health services and in particular counseling has received less attention. This paper seeks to propose a study on factors that hinder the Afro-Caribbean people from accessing counseling in the UK. Research Objectives This study has three key objectives that play the central focus of this paper. The first objective entails providing qualitative answers to
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Research Proposal: Factors that of Decreasing Smoking Rate Name Institution Introduction Within the context of the current concerns for the health inequalities among those considered the minority ethnic groups in the United Kingdom, there are various perceptions concerning the counseling services among the members of the Afro-Caribbean Community…
The article furthermore also emphasizes on the causes, effects as wells as the preventive measures in order to curb the practice of smoking amongst pregnant females. Excess Mortality and Morbidity among Infants The smoking of tobacco or cannabis is the drill of sweltering of the tobacco and huffing of the resultant, which is the smoke.
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nto a drug called nicotine, which makes the smoker feel they are unable to cope without cigarettes for more than a certain length of time when in truth. Some people think that smoking dose not causes disease. However, quitting smoking will protect your health. Quitting smoking
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There is a misguided
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