There are numerous theories that can be used to explain the nature of prejudice and why it leads to discrimination. Authoritarian personality theory This theory was proposed by Adorno et al. (1950) and asserts that authoritative personality is prone to prejudice (Brown, 2010). The theory utilized the F-scale and concluded that certain personality traits make the individual highly sensitive to totalitarian ideas therefore leading to prejudices. The theory also relied on case study of the Nazis and psychometric testing (F-scale) together with clinical interviews that revealed that social environment of the child influences the development of authoritative personality (Brown, 2010). According to the theory, authoritative personality tends to be harsh towards the inferior status and uphold the traditional values. Accordingly, such individuals with high F-scale exhibit rigidity in their beliefs and opinions (Russell, Jarvis and Gorman, 2004). Very strict upbringing will lead to development of personality traits such as preoccupation with power and obsession with status. The authoritarians have experienced a harsh upbringing thus tend to displace their emotional feelings on the minorities through prejudices (Russell, Jarvis and Gorman, 2004). Realistic group conflict Realistic Group conflict theory (RGC) asserts that prejudices arise due to competition for limited resources among the groups in society (Russell, Jarvis and Gorman, 2004). The inter-group hostilities arise due to the conflicts in competition and differing goals thus leading to feelings of hostility and prejudice towards the members of the other group. The theory was validated by Carolyn and Muzafer Sherif (1954) through the ‘Robber’s cave experiment’ (Brown, 2010). Muzaref Sherif demonstrated the principles of realistic group conflict through a series of studies on intergroup conflicts at Robbers Cave State park (Brown, 2010). The research studies entailed boys aged 11-12 years who were put in the Park as part of their summer camp. The boys initially showed not signs of emotional problems and were selected from similar socioeconomic background. The boys were then assigned in to two groups that comprised similarities in athletic skills and physical strength. The two groups were provided with adequate time for members to know each other and leaders to emerge within the group in order to ensure group cohesion (Russell, Jarvis and Gorman, 2004). After some time, the researchers introduced competition between the two groups through implementing several sports such as baseball and football and prize rewards would be awarded to the winning group (Russell, Jarvis and Gorman, 2004). The two groups engaged in name calling, verbal insults and ultimately physical aggression thus forcing the researchers to separate the groups (Brown, 2010). Sherif concluded that group members would display aggression and derogation towards the other group members thus concluding that existence of two groups competing for rewards, scarce resources and goals will lead to realistic conflicts and prejudices (Russell, Jarvis and Gorman, 2004). People within a group will dislike the members of the other groups since they view them as competitors for the scarce
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Prejudice versus discrimination Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Prejudice versus discrimination Introduction Prejudice refers to irrational opinions, beliefs and attitudes towards members of a particular group (Brown, 2010). Prejudice also entails the pre-conceived judgment towards an individual that is based on gender, ethnicity, religion or any other identifiable personal trait of the individual (Brown, 2010)…
Besides showing intolerance and dislike, they have displayed extremist behavior by discriminating against these groups in various ways, such as giving them unequal opportunities, treating them inappropriately, and in the worst cases, persecuting them. Today’s world shows intolerance in several different aspects and prejudice exists within people on a large scale based on several factors.
Each one of us has probably felt being alienated or outcast at one point or another and felt that moment when we might have been treated differently or when we felt uncomfortable because we felt different from everybody else. Discrimination due to prejudice and stereotyping is one of the many issues that we must face in a culturally and socially diverse world.
Some of the challenges that people experience in life include prejudice, discrimination and stereotyping. I believe that I am not the only one who has ever experienced these either as a recipient or perpetrator. To understand this better, it is imperative that I begin by defining what the terms prejudice, discrimination and stereotyping mean.
Student’s name: Professor’s name: Module title: Module ID: Submission date: Stereotyping, Prejudice and Discrimination The term stereotyping simply refers to the established image of an individual, group, community, nation or a thing the large majority of the members of society have developed in mind, and take that specific person, community or thing within the frame of that concept they have established the image of them.
Experiencing prejudice entails dealing with beliefs about a given group of people and cultural practices. Whether positive negative, prejudice in these forms are always preconceived. Discrimination is negative forms of prejudice, which is practiced by those who want to deny to people opportunities that they believe need not be given the same treatment as other people.
The paper illustrated about how different social psychological concepts can be applied to this particular case of Wal-Mart. A Thought Paper about One of these Topics: Stereotype, Discrimination, or Prejudice It is often argued that behavioral attitudes of people are largely influenced by their culture or ethnic background.
World capital markets throughout the globe are now interlinked via satellite, networks and technology. Globalization has linked formerly independent economies. When a cataclysm occurs within a globally linked financial system, the entire global market feels the ripples of the event.
In whichever society ideological racism thrives, one can expect its manifestation in the policy frameworks of leading institutions. Ideological racism is usually associated with the majority communitys discriminatory attitude toward the
The term prejudice simply refers to the disliking and displeasure of the people towards other members of society on the basis of their association with some particular social group. Exhibiting of displeasure by the individuals towards some others on the basis of their adherence to gay society and others reflect their prejudice towards their actions.
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