Quality Management Systems (QMS): "QMS is a system that outlines the policies and procedures necessary to improve and control the various processes that will ultimately lead to improved business performance" (Quality Management System, 2006). QMSs are used to control the quality and safety of products. QMS is a well-documented system that ensures consistency and improvement of work practices. This includes products and services produced (What is QMS, n.d). QMS is based on standard procedures specified for achieving effective quality management. The use of a QMS will ensure that all aspects of a business are working efficiently and cost effectively. QMS will provide a competitive advantage, which can increase marketing and sales opportunities; this will help a company gain new customers as well as retaining existing business. By working within a QMS the whole workforce will be involved which improves communication, morale and job satisfaction. The ISO 9001-2000 standard is a guide for the establishment of a quality system. ISO 9001 comprises 6 clauses and is designed to be used as a guide for the quality management process of an organization. ...
It is the duty of the Industry to meet the requirements of the Food Safety Act 1990, which provides controls for all parts of the food industry" (Free Factsheets, 2005).
Safety Standards for Agriculture: Some of the examples are British Farm Standard ('Little Red Tractor'), Freedom Food and LEAF. In all methods, production standards, covering food safety, environmental protection, animal-welfare issues and other characteristics are specified. Also in all cases farms are inspected regularly so that the standards are maintained (Free Factsheets, 2005)
EurepGAP: Its aim is to agree standards and procedures across Europe for Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) (Free Factsheets, 2005).
In the UK the organic standards are overseen by the Advisory Committee on Organic Standards and enforced by various organizations.
Food Manufacturing: Food manufacturers have various safety systems to ensure quality and safety. Three prominent systems are (Free Factsheets, 2005):
Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP):
'Good Manufacturing Practice' is a term used to describe effective manufacturing operations, well-designed food safety and quality assurance systems and a commitment and discipline from all to ensure products meet food safety, quality and legal requirements. Manufacturers have access to various specialist advisors to this end including the Institute of Food Science and Technology (Free Factsheets, 2005)
Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP): This is described in detail later.
Quality Assurance Standards: These are the standards such as International Standards
Organization (ISO 9000) and the European Standard (ES 29000), which ensure that food