Built environment assignment (Physics equations)

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One common thing about builders, developers and commercial property owners is their dread of a devastating fire. Indeed, it is very simple for a fire to start. All that is needed is a 'heat source or spark, some flammable material, and a few minutes of inattention for livelihoods-and lives-to go up in smoke'.1 The kitchen is where fires usually start, either in homes, hotels or restaurants.


A 'fire-resistive' building type (Type I) is to be used in the design. Structural components of this type of building are that all roofs, walls, floors and supporting members ought to be made of non-combustible material; these materials are those that 'will not ignite, burn, support combustion, or release flammable vapours when heated'. Structural elements such as 'bearing walls, columns, beams, including girders, trusses, roofs and floors' may incorporate concrete and steel technology.2 Walls within hotel and office rooms can be constructed with the following:
Light steel infill walls provide the external envelope and compartment walls between roomsand the cladding to all buildings are a combination of a metallic cladding panel and a lightweight terracotta tile system which are attached to horizontal rails screwed through the external insulation to the light steel infill walls. Light steel C sections provide the required resistance to wind loads and support the self weight of the cladding. ...
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