With the discovery of oil reserves and natural gas the use of coal as a form of energy reduced dramatically from 80% to 30% in 1984 but the increase in energy consumption increased. It has been assumed that recorded that in the year 2000 energy usage will be ranging between 400,000 to 500, 000 petajoules with a projection that this usage would keep on increasing every year. (Andy, n.d.)
Energy is used by every sector of the society, transportation in the form of trains, airplanes and cars all consume energy. While the industrial sector consumes energy in the form of electricity used by heavy machines, then there are the commercial and residential sectors that consume energy in the forms of appliance usage. Thus it can be evaluated that energy consumption is a general process but the disadvantage of increased energy consumption is the by products released. An example of which can be pollution, these byproducts have been damaging the environment.
"A decade ago, it was conjecture. Now the future is unfolding before our eyes. Canada's Inuit see it in disappearing Arctic ice and permafrost. The shantytown dwellers of Latin America and Southern Asia see it in lethal storms and floods. Europeans see it in disappearing glaciers, forest fires and waves these examples disclose that the world was never as warm. The three warmest years on record have all occurred since 1998" (New scientist environment). The pace at which it is getting warmed from the past 30 years is beyond imagination. Climatologists of the (IPCC) say that this condition has occurred due to human activities and there are rising fears that the warming will increase with time. These are the effects and future prospects of the global warming. Global warming has occurred due to the increase in pollution blowing from factories and the pollution from vehicles is just a few examples.
Then there are forests, the speed at which human beings are cutting trees for energy production is another issue. "Deforestation has resulted in the reduction of indigenous forests to four-fifths of their pre-agricultural area. Indigenous forests now cover 21% of the earth's land surface" (Deforestation). An example of which can be Africa who is loosing 4.0 million hectares of forests annually.
Another effect of energy production is dumping wastage in seas and rivers. Humans are creating products for luxuries or protection from each other; for example, nuclear wastes are being dumped in seas and rivers. Anything human wants to dispose off and has no way to do it, the most simple, cheap and easiest way to get rid of it is discarding it into the river.
Thus it can be evaluated that energy production and consumption both are the effecting the environment at a global scale. These environmental issues have reached a point were we can not close our eyes and avoid the situation as environmental effects are damaging our society so rapidly that if nothing is done to control the situation, we human beings as dinosaurs would became extinct. This is an issue which can not be blamed on anyone neither our politicians are responsible for it neither are the rich. Every