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Accident statistics cite the flight crew as a primary contributor in over 80 percent of accidents of airplanes. The introduction of modern flight deck designs, which have automated many piloting tasks, has reduced or eliminated some types of flight crew errors, but other types of errors have been introduced.
The human mind is infinitely more complex than any mechanical device on the face of the earth, and much of its functioning is still unpredictable. Around 80% of all accidents are caused by human error (www.faa.gov)1. In fact, dig dip into any accident, and the balance 20% can also in all probability be traced back to human as the root cause. Human factors encompass a wide range of knowledge, skills and attitudes including communications, situational awareness, problem solving, decision-making, and teamwork. What would, or should have otherwise been, a simple straightforward decision based on (presumably) clearly defined rules, very often has been colored by extraneous factors that are weighed on unfathomable weighing scales inside the human minds
Aviation is basically a combination of four ingredients, viz. Man, Machine, Medium and Mission - the four Ms. Successful integration of all the four culminates in a safe flight. Safety in aviation is achieved by implementation of in stringent measures at various levels - be the production, training or operations. Great emphasis is given towards production of aircraft. Innumerable test sorties are flown on prototypes before clearing them for production. Once came into the service, maintenance schedules are laid down at various stages to ensure trouble free flying. ...
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