In this review I will attempt to demonstrate what the consequences of the digital divide are. I focused the review on the United States of America and the digital divide between immigrants and native born which is constantly widening in the last decade. Specifically I will raise intriguing questions about race and the digital divide, ethnic differences in access, the role of community technology centers and the causes of the digital divide and the patterns of the internet use.
Fairlie (2002) obtains information from the Computer and Internet Use Supplement to the August 2000 Current Population Survey (CPS) to investigate further this matter. The data shows that one-half of Mexican-Americans are less likely to own a computer than are whites. Moreover, one-fourth of Mexican-Americans are less likely to use the Internet at home than are whites. The study continues with summarizing the findings for the African-Americans whose computer rate is 58% of the white rate and the use of Internet at home of the African-Americans is 46% of the white rate. Farilie (2002) applies the non-linear decomposition technique to conclude that the racial differences in education, income and occupation have a considerable impact on the home computer and Internet use differences. Another possible explanation is the language barrier which influences the lower rates.
Crandall (2000) analyses that there is a strong correlation among broadband penetration and high school achievement, job growth and political involvement. Crandall (2000) suggests that for every single percentage point rise in broadband penetration in a state in the U.S. ...
In another study conducted by Fairlie (2003) researches the effects of home computers on school enrollment. Approximately 9 out of 10 high school students have home computer and use it to write their class assignments. Exploring this question, Fairlie (2003) makes a comparison of school enrollment rates which demonstrate that more than 95% of teenagers who have home computers are enrolled in schools. In comparison 85% of children who do not owe home computers are enrolled. There is about 7% difference in school enrollment rates. This evidence provides interpretation that home computer increases the likelihood of children to continue their education.
Lazarus, Wainer and Lipper's (2005) project concentrates on the Information and communication technology and how it has secures a foothold in the lived of young adults and children. Their findings showed that the impact of information and communication technology influenced children in four areas. Because of the advanced technological engineering parents, doctors and children can stay in a closer communication, securing an improved heath conditions. Lazarus, Wainer and Lipper (2005) present an overview of various studies documenting that due to technological advancement students achieve better grates, score higher in standardized tests, school attendance raises. Furthermore, they discovered that young people with developed digital media skills can find more profitable jobs, they are better prepared for senior positions and can easily apply their abilities in finding, applying and obtaining a job. The fourth point that Lazarus, Wainer and Lipper (2005) mention is the community and civic participation. The youth civic culture generated by the world wide web ...
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This divide is not because of national boundaries; instead this divide is due to a gap of technological outreach among different geographical areas, most importantly rural vs. urban areas (Curtis, 2002; NTIA, 1997). This outreach problem is because of several other reasons as well, such as difference in education level, difference in perceived needs of the societies, the person’s income and their age.
These two people worked with democratic and republican senators to understand how the legislative branch operates. Thomas and Norman hold liberal views but they do not participate in any sides throughout their careers. Both republican and democrats took them serious in their work.
The case is further worsened by the fact that there is lack of awareness and sense towards safe operations amongst the common users and the members and the professionals who are designated to make this medium a better and safer one for all kinds of functions of daily life.
An example of a scenario that characterizes the reality of hacking cyber insecurity took place in August 2011 Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART). During this scenario, the public transportation system belonging to San Francisco Bay Area completely blacked out cell phone service to avert mobile communication amongst demonstrators attempting to stop the progress of subway trains.
Scholars have long sought to point to a time in the fossil record where humans first began to domesticate the dog. However, contrary to what many evolutionists and archaeologists previously believed, is now largely understood that the first step towards the domestication of the dog was in fact the domestication of the human.
The main character Yasuko embodies one example of thousands who have had to live with all of the radioactive effects of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. I will attempt to cover one of the main facets of its impact which is that of the physical effects of radiation on food sources. The effects of nuclear radiation can last for years as shown by Yasuko.
The study was performed on adolescence between 12- 18 years of age who suffered from chronic pain. The method of research that was employed in order to gather the necessary information was an assessment that was done by asking them to maintain a diary and complete a questionnaire on quality of life.
The people left to rule continued colonizing their own people hence post colonialism. The act of post colonialism could be social, economical and even political. Uneven division of resources is one of the social form of
The author states that civic education among the youth is greatly enhanced through digital media. The internet is an important media where young people converge and discuss important issues. Therefore, using the internet platform for youth civic engagement is critical in involving the youth in civic matters.
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