While France is ranked as the 1st with over 81 million tourists visiting the country every year, and Mexico is ranked as 10th attracting 22 million tourists a year, Egypt is attracting only 8 million tourists. These statistics reflect the fact that Egypt is not successful in manipulating all the factors that may enable the country to be one of the top tourism destinations in the world. The attitude of low class Egyptians towards tourists, the destruction of the environment, and the lack of effective publicity campaigns are the main problems, which hider the development of the tourism sector in Egypt, requiring extensive efforts to be done from the government in order to revive this sector. The first problem that the tourism sector in Egypt faces is the attitude of the low class citizens towards tourists. This sort of problem can be observed in almost any place where tourists exist in Egypt. Harassment is the clearest annoyance directed towards tourists by many Egyptians. For example, tourists are always victims of over pricing by many shop owners and vendors in tourist places. Also, beggars harass tourists wherever they go in a manner that annoys those tourists severely. Accordingly, those harassed tourists may develop a negative feeling towards Egypt, making it hard to convince them to revisit Egypt. Actually, there are many researches, which show that the impression a tourist develops about a certain place affects his decision for visiting this same place in the future. In a research that was conducted in the small village of Bighodi in Uganda about the reason behind the increase in the number of tourists visiting this village, it was discovered that the residents of this village have a positive attitude towards tourists (Lepp). This attitude results from their awareness that tourism increases the income of the village, improves agricultural markets, and helps in community development. This research shows the strong effect of the residents' attitude in increasing or decreasing the number of tourists visiting a specific place. Although Bighodi is a small village in a poor country that lacks sources and services that are essential for any touristic country to have, yet the welcoming attitude of the citizens of Bighodi succeeds in attracting tourists from different places in the world. Thus, the case of the Bighodi village gives a clear indication about the effect of people’s behavior towards tourists on the revival of the tourism sector in a given place. Consequently, it is hard to revive the tourism sector in Egypt without changing the bad behavior of some Egyptians towards tourists. The main solution for this problem of the bad attitude towards tourists in Egypt is to develop awareness among Egyptians about the importance of tourism for the economy of the country. Again, the Egyptian government may take guidance in the experience of the village of Bighodi. The residents of Bighodi were not taught how to treat tourists and how to be welcoming to them, but their good attitude comes out of their awareness of the importance of tourism to their village. For example, the Egyptian government should make it clear for the people that the tourism industry in the country forms almost 15% of the national
Tourism Management in Egypt "With combined receipts making up approximately 5% of GDP or over $4 billion annually," the tourism sector constitutes one of the most important sectors in Egypt ("Egypt Report"). Having one third of the monuments and antiquities in the world including temples, museums and ancient castles that date back to different eras and civilizations, Egypt is supposed to be one of the most distinguished tourism destinations in the world…
Tour operators are the groups who perform the task of assembling the different components in a tour package like food, accommodation, facilities, and transportation charges. Outbound operators, domestic operators, incoming operators, specialist operators, direct sell operators are some of the type of tour operators found in UK.
In this report the above statement will be critically reviewed and also the way in which the global tourism industry has responded to these events will be analysed. For the purpose of the study affect of terrorist attacks on the tourism industry will be evaluated too.
A. What is travel and tourism? As per the World Tourism Organisation (WTO), which is an affiliated body of UN, tourism is defined as “activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes” (World Tourism Organisation, 1995, 1).
In simple words, an alien business that has its headquarter situated at parent country and its business activities are performed in other countries as well (Wilkin and Schroter, 128). Usually free standing companies generate funds from the parent country and invest these funds in the other country in order to gain maximum benefits from the environment of other countries.
While it is apparent that tourists are unrestricted to evade destinations that are prone to risk, the penalties of sudden catastrophic events which can be very profound on the tourist destinations are however inescapable. For instance, terrorism activities targeting the tourism sector can be regarded as a disaster for a particular destination
The only arable agricultural land is along the banks of river Nile which covers about 40,000 km or 15,450 sq. miles. (Halawi, 1) This is the reason the major part of the population of about 78.8 million people resides there as per the latest census report of 2006.
of competition but has had to dictate and shape organisations in terms of what consumers wants, how and when they want it and what they are prepared to pay for it (Hagan 1996:1).
Kanter (1995:71) on his work of “Mastering Change” argues that success in the present day
t castles that date back to different eras and civilizations, Egypt is supposed to be one of the most distinguished tourism destinations in the world. However, the tourism sector in Egypt is suffering from major economic, social, and environmental problems that prevent Egypt to