This paper seeks to highlight the similarities and the differences between the “Dying Gallic Trumpeter” and the “Column of Trajan” in terms of balance of style, function, iconography, technique, and cultural meaning.
Both “Dying Gallic Trumpeter” and the “Column of Trajan” are made of marble pieces. Trumpeter is nude, and the fluid motion of the marble inflicts an impression of strained-movement (Ridgway 151). On the other hand, the “Column of Trajan” is made of 29 pieces of marble weighing up to 77ton. However, there are several differences between these two sculptures. In terms of balance, the “Dying Gallic Trumpeter” lies on his oval shield, with trumpet at his feet the. This gives it asymmetrical balance as compared to the “Column of Trajan” that stands all round erected from a base giving it symmetrical balance. Trumpeter takes the shape of a human being, while Trojan takes the shape of a tall building. In terms of texture, Trumpeter is smoother than Trajan that has a rough surface from boom to head (Ridgway 278). Trumpeter has long, bushy mustache, hair, and neck ornament, while Trajan has a band of curved reliefs all round the column. Trumpeter signifies a “barbarian”. Culturally, in ancient Rome, a “Barbarian” was more than a monstrous enemy, but a wounded soldier, unlike their own soldiers. Trojan, on the other hand, tells the story of Dacian wars between 101-102 and 105-106 A.D (Ridgway