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Gustav Klimt - Essay Example

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Here he sharpened his artistic skills following in the footsteps of his mentor and favorite artist, Han Makart. After graduating from the school in 1883, Gustav worked jointly with his brother Ernst and Franz Matsch a co-student. They opened a studio where they displayed art from other artists such as Laufberger’s graffiti designs for the Art Historical Museum. In 1886 they received a prize for their design for the decoration of the staircases of Burgtheater2. The painting depicted who’s who in ordinary life in Vienne. Soon after their career kicked off they separated and went separate ways. Gustav’s first professional job was when he was asked to make a painting of Ringstrasse.At this time Vienna was in the Ringstrasse Era a period when the city was undergoing great change3. The Vienna city was built as one massive ring, and arts were being patronized as never before by the bourgeois class. The city was entering an age of industrialization, science and research. However it still lacked a revolutionary spirit to the arts. In1883he received a nomination for professor at Vienna Academy but he was rejected. 1888 saw Klimt receive the award for Golden Order of the Merit from Emperor Franz Joseph 1 of his native country. He then became an honorary member of University of Vienna and University of Munich both of which he never attended. This was in recognition of his art projects within and around Vienna. Four years later his brother Ernst and his father died and it is not clear whether these deaths were the main cause for his new rebellious and experimental style of art or his earlier rejection to professorship at the Academy of Fine Arts by the Ministry of Culture. Since then his art changed. Gustav replaced his earlier classical iconography and replaced it with strong sensual themes. This was first depicted in his painting of 1894when he was appointed to paint some portraits to hang in the dome of University of Vienna. Soon after completion they were immediately taken down since many people considered them too sexual. This can be seen if you look at one of the paintings for instance the portrait “Love” painted in 1895. This art was a realistic portrait showing two young lovers, in a garden shortly before dark. Three other female portraits are seen to appear out of the mist just above the lovers and these are thought to represent the various ages of omen. Another monstrous looking face appears on the left which is believed to represent old age and finally death. This portrayal of women and nudity made many people reject this work and considered it as pornographic work. The university itself refused to make payments for them or have any association with them since they considered them too erotic. These paintings would later be completely destroyed in 1945 hence there exists no record of them whatsoever. In 1897 an exhibition association was formed by a group of artists from Viennese by the name “Secession”. It mainly consisted of artists who did not want to be classified or associated with certain styles or those rejected by other art cliques4. Gustav fitted here perfectly considering his rebellious nature and rejection by others. The group also published a monthly paper and Gustav participated fully in its edition and circulation. Its main aim was to promote modern art and Gustav was made the president. It collected work from not only members but other artists such as Augustine Rodin, Puvis de Chavannes, Carriere and Mucha all from ...Show more
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Summary

GUSTAV KLIMT Name: Date: Gustav Klimt was the second born in a family of seven. Born on July 14, 1862 near Vienna in Baumgarten to a gold engraver, he learnt about art from his early childhood. His father believed that all his sons ought to be artists and this was well picked by Gustav and his two brothers1…
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