They also believed this entity allowed energy flow from one being to the next in a cyclic process. This connection between mankind and the rest of all living things inspired men to associate the image of nature to the theory of the existence of a higher being with supreme powers. These connections could be either supernatural or spiritual. This symbolic connection has been passed down through numerous generations throughout history. Different cultures and religions use the symbolism in the ways that are adapted to suit their beliefs. The specially skilled Ibans of Sarawak, whom are known for their carvings include an exclusively designed hornbill figure. This is an example of the combination of religion, nature, and art. The ‘Hornbill Figure,' known as 'Kenyalang,' has essentially been the chief subject of interest among the Iban carvers of Sarawak, Malaysia (Davenport). It was between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that the Iban people began to show their culture by sculpting images of the hornbill. This also become a very important part of sacred ceremonies conducted by the Iban community. With a standard length of over 33 feet, the Hornbill Figure is traditionally created using wood, paint, cotton thread, plant, and wool materials and textiles. At the Fowler Museum, a person can take in the details of the art form of the hornbill sculpture. Its sharply pointed bill draws a huge curve and the painting on the body uses various strokes and pigments portraying how colorful the Iban festivals and culture are. Hornbill carvings are recognized as an art form but also is an indicator of the way of life of the Iban people. The unique portrayal of the carvings are associated with Iban’s greatest festive celebrations with religious rituals (Davenport). The Hornbill Figure typically is a special embodiment of a bird believed to possess knowledge and wisdom. Aside from bringing a prophecy to which Iban communities deeply relied on in the past, it is also considered a fundamental medium. This allowed for the blending of a spiritual dimension with the world of humans so they may possibly pass on their freedom to interact with spirits and supernatural beings for many reasons (Davenport). To achieve victory during war, the hornbill symbol and faith in its image was believed in to help aid in obtaining extraordinary power to intimidate and eventually subdue enemies. In particular, the custom of Iban’s Gawai Kenyalang had such strong meaning that it was used for the purpose of reaching success in raiding and headhunting (trophy-taking). During this, the heads taken from the enemies were claimed to have powers that could potentially add to the overall strength or invincibility of the victorious community (Davenport). Looking at the figure of the hornbill and evaluating the different features, one can feel the depth of the strong Malaysian history and culture. There is an aesthetic feeling that is brought out in its design that is highly representative of the culture of its people. Regardless of the complex processes of politics and the changes of culture for the Iban people through history that has impacted their lifestyles in several ways, the Ibans still believe in the hornbill image. The carved figure of the bird reflects the symbolism of courage and power of the Iban people. The artist takes the approach of providing exquisite carving as well as adding vibrant colors. The bird's eyes contain an intense yet subtle look. Unlike other icons of religion, the Hornbill Figure is more influential than many other types of symbols. This in turn makes the believers in its powers very strong. As the making of hornbill images increased
In ancient times, humans had primarily used natural resources to manage their primitive way of life. They found that almost anything they needed could be derived from nature. People living in this era believed in the possibility of a powerful entity residing in a tangible form within nature…
XYZ Financial Consultants were engaged by Sprockets Ltd to evaluate their prevailing job costing system for its efficiency. It was understood that Activity Based Costing method is being considered to replace the current traditional system and that recommendations in this regard were required.
Such profound connection between mankind and the rest of the living led to convictions which, as perceived or inferred through history, were either supernatural or spiritual, inspiring men to readily associate an image of nature to a concept of higher being with supreme powers.
The movie Blade Runner was able to show the reality that humans still have not discovered the essence of living each and every day of their lives meaningfully. The replicants in the movie serve as a mirror, or a reflection of the wrongdoings done by humanity for their own survival not minding the impact that their actions might create to those people who do not wish to live a life that is full of complexities.
As a function of her overall contributions, she helped to re-define the field of nursing in a way that continues to be presented to observers currently (Milutinovic et al 2012). Moreover, as a function of her tireless campaigning and efforts to better to plight of humanity in all situations in which she worked, the causes of feminism, poverty, and a litany of other socially conscious actions were undertaken.
On the one hand, there is the school of thought that believes that symbols are "determinable influences inclining persons and groups to action" (Turner 1967: 36). Clearly, this implies that symbols are motivators. With a different perspective, there is the group which maintains that symbols are more of an embodiment of historical meaning, a "system of inherited conceptions expressed in symbolic forms.
There would be no misunderstandings because the words in the speaker's message held consistent meaning for the receiver and they would see the same picture ("Meanings," 2007). In the olden times, mass media's power was seen this way - that it had a direct, immediate and powerful effect on its audiences as was true in the 1940s and 1950s ("Hypodermic Needle," 2004).
Most were the types of cars that are linked with suburban housewives and corporate moguls. The people who attended the church also reflected this impression. Most were of college age or older, some with small children, but I didn’t see many
With the unrestrained privileges as a white rajah, his dynasty of three generations ruled Sarawak for a hundred years under which the indigenous inhabitants were shielded from exploitation (Sarawak). Hence, it is within his era that
ethnic and religious worth at depth, only those who have professed or worked extensively may come up with the expected details given the appropriate resources. Carving wood with consideration even to average standards at least would most likely seem an amply tedious work for