They should contribute positively to intercultural tolerance and understanding and also take part in the community based organizations aimed at conserving the environment (Edgell, 2006).
Traditional tourism based on the carrying capacity led to the damaging of the economy, culture and the environment of the tourist's destinations. Through this approach, the local people experienced negative effects on their local economy, their cultures were diluted and their environment was severely damaged. Traditional tourism could in most cases result to both social and economic costs to the locals. The traditional tourism exerted a lot pressure on the natural environment and resources. The disposal of solid and liquid waste arising from the tourism is a major problem to most of the developing countries; due to lack of capacity to treat such wastes (United Nations, 2001).
The disposal of such wastes in their untreated form contributes significantly to the reduction of natural resources such as the fresh water. The solid and liquid waste from the tourism industry also contaminated the marine environment thereby destroying the marine ecosystem (Miller, & Louise, 2006).
The traditional tourism approach lacked a very important element which made it no to be sustainable and was doomed to break at one point or another. It failed to include all the stakeholders in its management. The management of tourism under this approach was mainly the duty of the government with the rest of the stakeholder playing virtually no role. The local communities therefore perceived tourism as an activity that was in no way aimed at benefiting them. The government on the other hand could not give back to the tourism industry from the revenues it had collected and thus there were no funds which were destined to conserve the environment which had been affected by tourism activities (Weaver, 2006).
By blocking relevant stakeholders from all levels of tourism planning implementation and development blocked major contributions for addressing several concerns brought about by tourism. For tourism to be successful it is very important to bring all the stakeholders on board an element that was clearly lacking in the traditional carrying capacity approach. This has led to the development of new approaches so as to address the challenges brought about by traditional tourism practices (Swarbrooke, 1999).
Modern approaches to tourism
Environmental management based tourism development is one of the new approaches; it is favoured because it appreciates the fact that tourism plays a leading role in the economic development at the community, regional, national and international levels. It achieves this by utilizing natural environments and resources as its main physical inputs. While making use of these natural environments and resources it is very important to reduce negative impacts to the environment as much as possible so as to be certain that their availability in the future is assured. By conserving the natural environme