From this discussion it is clear that communicative competence must be the cornerstone of ICALL. ICALL must provide appropriate language assistance tailored to meet student needs. The ICALL must provide rich language input. The ICALL student model must be based in part on a variety of learning styles. ICALL material is most easily learned through associations, which are facilitated by interesting and relevant themes and meaningful language tasks. ICALL must involve interactions of many kinds, and these interactions need not be just student-tutor interactions u ICALL must provide useful, appropriate error correction suited to the student's changing needs ICALL must involve all relevant language skills and must use each skill to support all other skills. ICALL must teach students to become increasingly self-directed.As the essay stresses the tutor-tool framework is offered here as a mechanism for addressing a number of concerns in CALL, the most far-reaching being the belief that all CALL is of the tutorial type, characterized by one-to-one interactions where the computer evaluates the student input and then presents the new material accordingly. In general terms, such frameworks are helpful for a number of reasons. In suggesting the tutor-tool framework originally, Taylor argued that a simple scheme for classification was required to help practitioners 'intellectually grasp' the diverse range of activities in educational computin.g (1980: 2). CALL is faced with similar problems. We have seen the diversity of CALL projects in the CALL Survey, and writers such as Chapelle emphasize that CALL is not one activity but many, often differing widely in function, character, and content ( 1994b). A framework is needed to help comprehend the many approaches being taken. Hubbard (1992: 42) with regard to the creation of a methodological framework for CALL, argues that a framework properly constructed has the benefits of providing: a metalanguage for discussion; a useful structure to conceptualize materials for development and research; and an 'integrated set of evaluation criteria for determining the fit of software with the teacher's views, the learner's needs, and the syllabus goals and constraints'.
This study investigated the effect of Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) on elementary-prep school students' improvement in English as a foreign language (EFL). Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) is a technique for using technology in the field of language learning…
The mode of education and instructional methodologies are shifting from the conventional use of oral and print media, including lectures and textbooks to more modern forms such as the use of computers, internet and multimedia (including audio tapes, videos, etc).
Work on Bax’s article I agree with Bax’s criticism of Warschauer’s analysis as Bax adequately pointed out the inconsistencies involved in Warschauer’s analysis. The fact that Warschauer’s analysis is not properly researched and not objective in nature leaves little to be desired.
This phenomenon has also influenced second language teaching and learning. Therefore, in many aspects, technology, especially in language teaching, is developing continuously with many researchers claiming its value
Although many teachers can see the benefits technology may have to offer, they are finding it difficult to both learn themselves and teach to secondary education students. Many teachers find that certain types of technology in the classroom make presentation of material easier.
On one hand, CALL has some evident advantages, such as power, versatility and motivation (Towndrow, 2001). Computers can store large amounts of information, they can process this information at great speed (which helps to diversify tasks with randomly chosen words and word combinations); computers can take a large part of a teacher's routine work like storing the results of their students' activity and carrying out the evaluation of students' works, therefore teachers have more space and time for creative activities.
In my experience, improving English vocabulary among foreign students is difficult. And so based on the concepts learned in my study of CALL, I decided that using one of its models to improve student capability in vocabulary is very relevant to my
There is not much research done in this area in the past which is the basic reason for my conducting this research. I will use questionnaires and personal interviews for carrying out the research. The whole process will take around one month which includes visiting
ia, including lectures and textbooks to more modern forms such as the use of computers (including computer assisted language learning or CALL), internet (which provides access to online libraries, electronic journals, search engines, websites which allow audio and video
It is hard to imagine, nowadays, to think of education without a computer or the World Wide Web. As technology developed along with internet use, both computers and the internet have become considered a crucial part of everyday life. This phenomenon