These are (a) imitation theory, (b) reinforcement theory, and (c) active construction of grammar theory (Lindsay, Roberts, & Campbell, 2005; College of Education, 2010; Mixed Sources, 2007). Imitation theory follows a procedure where a child is permeated to hear speech sounds and be encouraged to imitate it (Lindsay et. al, 2005). For instance, English couples teach their child to speak English or a Japanese couple would teach their children Niponggo as its native language. In this imitative process, first learners would encounter problems and errors which are generally acceptable, predictable and consistent (Ontario Ministry of Education, 2007). Reinforcement theory refer to a process of language acquisition where adults take the role of supporting or coaching the children in the learning processes, and are constantly appraising the child’s communicative progress through affirmation, appreciation, and by correcting children’s errors either by form, by statement’s content and/or the truthfulness what a child conveyed (OME, 2007). Moreover, in the active construction of a grammar, a child start to learn formal statement construction that is sensitive to lessons learnt from linguistic inputs. This means that the children are already receiving language input following the lessons they learned from adults or from their coaches (OME, 2007). In this stage, they can start to communicate formally with others in better form or sentence construction and they are able to convey meanings clearly using better language performance (OME, 2007).
2) How can we as teachers ease new ELL students into our classrooms in ways that help them become a contributing member of our classroom community? What do you plan to do to help new ELLs feel a part of your classroom from the beginning?
To help learners ease in the learning process, teachers must develop a learning environment that will permeate continued development of children language ...Show more