that are of value in a culture.” (Gilman, 2001) Gardener, a psychologist and a professor of education, determined through a series of research experiments that there are about 7 primary intelligences and humans can exhibit one, two or a maximum of three intelligences but it is quite rare to exhibit all the forms. As a result of further research Gardener and his colleagues have stated that there could be an addition of another 3 possible intelligences to the initial list of seven (Smith, 2002, 2008). The presence of one kind of intelligence is determined from several perspectives or criteria which were drawn from several fields such as biology, logical reasoning and various psychological factors. With this he concluded that every child whether normal, mentally or physically challenged will have their unique set of intelligences in which they will shine and both teachers and parents will have to employ a broad range of learning methods in order to identify the strengths and weaknesses of a child. Thus with his research on multiple intelligences Gardener sought to bring about a change in the system of learning with focus on the inherent abilities and interest of a child so that they will be able to pursue their interests and not succumb to external factors such as peer pressure (What are Multiple Intelligences? n.d).
Howard Gardener in his theory of Multiple Intelligences stresses that human intelligence is much more than a mere testing of one’s IQ. Through his initial experiments, Gardener formulated about seven intelligences, each of which was determined based on a set of defined criteria and with the ability to solve problems genuinely as a prerequisite. The criteria for deciding on the candidate intelligences in an individual include: the potential for brain isolation by brain damage, presence of an evolutionary history or possibility, a set of identifiable core operations, susceptibility to encoding, distinct developmental progression in which there is a ...Show more