The essay will be based on current legislation on primary education within the UK. This paper will also refer to the UK national curriculum with the sole aim of identifying the policies and legislations dealing with the including children with special needs in mainstream primary schools…
MacKay (2002) notes that children with special needs are those who have conditions such as blindness, deafness, multiple impairments, physical impairments, behavior problems and learning difficulties among others. According to Etienne and Gendron (2008), inclusive education is a process that seeks to increase the participation of all students in schools, including students who have disabilities. It entails structuring policies, practices and cultures in schools so that they can respond to the diversity of their students. In the UK, Inclusive education acknowledges that all children need to be in schools and learn. The difference in children are also acknowledged and respected in inclusive education. The structures, methodologies and systems of education are enabled to meet the needs of all children, including those with disabilities (Glashan 2002). According to the Warnock report (1978), special education is considered a separate system of education whereby disabled children are educated in special schools. These schools are organized and equipped to meet their special educational needs. They operate on the basis that mainstream schools do not have the ability to address the needs of children who have special needs. Special education is usually provided in special schools that are equipped for catering to the needs of children with special needs (Leathwood, Ross, Moreau, Rollock & Williams 2008). According to the International for Policy Studies in Education (2008), education in the United Kingdom plays a very crucial role in maintenance and construction of equalities and social advantages. The Warnock report notes that education in the UK is currently compulsory for all children aged 5 to 16....
This essay declares that the perceptions of children with disabilities in the United Kingdom have had a shift in paradigm from the common medical model to social model then to the participative model. People with disabilities were for a long time viewed as patients with serious physical problems that are caused by diseases, accidents or other health conditions. This has changed to a more holistic approach in which they are considered as citizens with rights to self-determination and individual support. Many international conventions like the UN Convention on the rights of people with disabilities have been responsible for marking these paradigm shifts.
This paper makes a conclusion that a lot of the policies regarding the inclusion of children with special needs in UK mainstream primary schools are derived from the Warnock report. The report suggests that at any given time, at least 2% of the population in a school would be considered disabled and in need of specialist and specific provision. This level of specific specialty provision is normally provided within mainstream schools. The same report also noted that 10% of the population of children in schools requires specialist provision at some given point during their education. These two provisions have seen a lot of changes take place in the laws of UK with the aim of eliminating discrimination against children with special needs. ...
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According to the paper Inclusive education primarily refers to the integration of students with disabilities in the mainstream educational institutions. Many scholars believe that inclusive education is the right of all children with special needs whereas many believe that inclusive education results in the lower quality education for the students with SEN. Inclusive education has been advocated by UNESCO and major countries such as USA, Canada, and Britain among others.
Anti-social behaviour from many youngsters are closely related to their vicissitudes in the sphere of education. Although, the United Kingdom has come up with a number of special education needs policies and practices, no significant success has marked in terms of educational attainment for the pupils with learning difficulties or disabilities.
The study involves an autoethnographic account of my experiences and reflections, followed by a literature review exploring the factors and impacts of bullying on special needs children. Policy of inclusive education to enhance the social participation has further exposed the special needs children to the mainstream school environment.
Incorporation of both social and political messages entertaining the youth, it has become a common practice in the social marketing and entertainment for education’ campaigns of public health organizations. In turn, there is the growing practice of ‘cause marketing,’ in which companies link their products to causes and issues in order to build customer appreciation and loyalty (Ibid).
The major policy development in the field of special needs education in England and Wales in the 1990s was the introduction, as a consequence of the 1993 Education Act, of the Code of Practice on the Identification and Assessment of Special Educational Needs.
The development of inclusive education in Ireland was initiated in 1993 through the Special Education Review Committee which campaigned for the inclusion of children with Special Educational Needs (SEN) to a great extent
According to me inclusion of special need children refers to the attitude and approach that ensures that every child whether he is able or disable should participate in every aspect of life. Inclusion refers to providing equal opportunity to every child regardless of ability or
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