The effects of fluency, vocabulary, and language development on comprehension Name Instructor Task Date The effects of fluency, vocabulary, and language development on comprehension Introduction Comprehension refers to the composite cognitive process that consists of the interaction between a reader and the text to create a meaning from the text…
In addition, different factors such as phonemic awareness, alphabetic understanding, fluency, genre consideration, vocabulary and language development affects comprehension. Effects of fluency on comprehension Fluency refers to the speed, accuracy and expressions that an individual applies while reading a text. It also involves the application of varied skills while reading a text. It is vital to conduct an accurate assessment that will analyze readers’ speed, accuracy and expression. Fluency is fundamental in literature because it influences comprehension. Lack of fluency affects an individual’s performance because an individual usually applies cognitive skills while trying to identify words. It also influences students’ comprehension because when the material and volume of work in school increases, the students who are not fluent face many barriers when trying to keep up with schoolwork (Nagy, 2008). Students who are not fluent also have trouble comprehending texts. Furthermore, they usually shun oral and silent reading because they do not want to fail. This affects their comprehension. Fluency is vital in comprehension because it connects with decoding and reading of comprehension. Therefore, fluency acts as a connector between decoding and comprehension; furthermore, it highlights the capability of an individual to decode varied words from a given text. If an individual moves quickly and accurately through the words in a given text, then the individual’s decoding skills are perfect. This implies that the person can comprehend the text easily. Finally, it is important for students to practice fluency in their reading because it enables them to increase their reading speed and comprehension skills; thus, improving their performances (Nagy, 2008). Effects of vocabulary on comprehension Vocabulary refers to the study of different concepts including the meaning of words as each word has a different meaning. It also determines the application of the words, the root words, analogies, prefixes and suffixes. There is a very strong relationship between vocabulary and comprehension (Wagner, Andrea & Kendra, 2007). This is because; vocabulary acts as a predictor of reading capabilities of an individual. An individual who is knowledgeable about vocabulary has an advantage when it comes to comprehension (Wagner, Andrea & Kendra, 2007). Vocabulary knowledge is also essential to students because it helps them in decoding, which facilitates comprehension. In addition, vocabulary knowledge is fundamental to learners because it allows them to comprehend their first and second language. This is because students with less information concerning vocabulary are unable to comprehend the given texts. Inadequate knowledge on the vocabulary affects the performance of students in their test passage and questions because they encounter problems while trying to comprehend the texts. Therefore, it is important for students to vocabulary because it helps them in determining the meaning of varied words; thus, increasing their comprehension level. Vocabulary is important to children because its absence leads to comprehension problems especially when they find new words in a given text. Therefore, knowledge on vocabulary is beneficial as it helps a ...
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Though written foreign language may be important, there is need for these teachers to ensure that students complete their classes with high levels of oral skills in the particular language of interest. Thus, oral assessments have been found to be the most appropriate in the promotion of the spoken language.
According to the paper reading fluency is the ability to decode words effectively without any effort and to comprehend what has been said in the text. Research done by various eminent researchers has been used in order to find out the best ways of increasing automaticity among children. These ways have been listed won and then discussion has been provided on the intervention techniques which are most effective and successful for improving automaticity and reading fluency.
Investigations have indicated that learning materials should be prepared for all kinds of students, all learning strategies and not just the teachers’ style of teaching. The application of these resources poses challenges during the learning process, and it is important to determine the effects of these resources in the learning process.
The study employed a quantitative study method, in which six secondary English Language Learners were selected to be tested on the ability to decode grade level text. The outcomes were quite favorable as 5 out of 6 students realized an increase in their performances on the QRI comprehension portion.
s stem from their individualized one to one tutoring whereby the slow learners are specially trained to develop a self-extending system whereby they can be brought into the average level of the regular classroom instruction. As such these programs call for trained and
Furthermore concept such as native like proficiency in terms of learning a foreign language also, invariably forms the basis of such debates. This paper discusses in detail, the concept of critical period hypothesis as proposed by Lennerberg and the various views and
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It, therefore, becomes pertinent for teachers to develop effective and comprehensive lesson plans that support linguistically and culturally diverse students. This lesson plan will focus primarily on creating an effective instructional
Unlike silent reading, oral reading entails reading audibly enabling the assessment of various aspects such as phonetics and prosody. In oral fluency, the rate of reading plays a vital role. A child or student who reads in disjointedly or slowly reduces the reading
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