Criterion Referenced Tests and the Norm Referenced Tests
Criterion Referenced Tests and the Norm Referenced Tests - Research Paper Example
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This essay highlights that the criterion-referenced tests are intended to measure a person understands of a specific concept or skills that were required and are usually used in job evaluations and also in acquiring licenses. Under the CRT the tests are either a pass or a fail for a particular test since it tests if one has conceptualized a given concept or skill or not. The norm-referenced tests on the other hand are used to compare a given examinee with the other examinees. Under the norm-standard tests the examinees are given a similar test and they are compared against the results of each other that are put on a graph where the normal distribution is analyzed and the other extremes on either side of the curve are also characterized. This discussion stresses that the norm-referenced tests are usually used in schools and in grading students to understand the students that can make it to the next level as they are used to test their capability in the specific subjects and how they relate to their development educationally. As opposed to the CRT where there are no ranks but only a pass or a fail the ranking system is the most important aspect of the NRT system since the students that will pass and those that have failed need to be known to the teacher or practitioner. The NRTs use criteria where the student is compared with other students in the classroom to gauge their capability in comparison to their peers.
This paper examines the differences between the two types of tests and how they can be applied by the teacher or practitioner in a classroom setting. One of the main differences as aforementioned is the comparison targets which assesses what the examinees performance are compared to. …
Teachers cannot assume that students are able to take these tests without prior preparation, so students need to be taught the right syllabus at the right time. With the evolution of internet, preparing for standardized tests is not as difficult today as it used to be in the past.
Formal and Informal Testing. According to Wortham (2011), assessment of the skills and knowledge of the students holds critical importance among the job responsibilities of a teacher. In order to examine the skills and knowledge of the students, various formal and informal techniques can be used which can provide great help to the teachers.
Assessments can focus on the individual learner, groups, institution and the educational system. The assessment provides a focus on the activities and the scholarly output of the students. A high-pressure educational environment created by an increased emphasis on student and teacher accountability.
Tests on ESP In 1911 at Stanford University, first conventional tests were conducted on Extra Sensory Perception (ESP) and Psychokinesis (PK). These tests were conducted in a lab, in a controlled environment. John Edgar Coover was in charge of these lab tests and founded the basis for further studies in the parapsychology research field.
It is used to document what is taught and when it is taught, to reveal the gap in the curriculum, and to facilitate in the designing of the assessment plan (Bena and Jeff, 2008). On the other hand, assessment strategy is the relationship between learning and teaching procedures used within a course (Assessment strategy, 2013).
Let us discuss some formal and informal assessment techniques in order to know how they can help teachers assess the learning level of their students.
Weaver (n.d.) states, “Formal assessments have data which support the conclusions made from
According to Encarta dictionary, assessment is evaluating something basing on the understanding for that thing. It involves gathering of data then analyzing it in order to come up with a conclusion. In term of infants and children, assessment is a way of documenting a child’s progress over a given period.
There are various tests available to assist employers in making decisions (R. Wayne Mondy, 2012). A test is considered valid depending on whether the test was based on an accurate, baseline test score. Some tests like
5 pages (1250 words)Research Paper
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