Sister Callista Roy's 'Adaptation Theory'

Masters
Book Report/Review
Health Sciences & Medicine
Pages 5 (1255 words)
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Sister Callista Roy is a highly respected nurse theorist,writer,lecturer,researcher,and teacher.She defined nursing knowledge through her theory "Roy Adaptation Model" which is regarded as rich source of knowledge for clinical nursing.In this assignment,this theory will be critically analyzed to examine whether this theory has provided an expanded, value-based concept of adaptation.

Introduction

Sister Callista Roy is a highly respected nurse theorist, writer, lecturer, researcher, and teacher. She defined nursing knowledge through her theory "Roy Adaptation Model" which is regarded as rich source of knowledge for clinical nursing. In this assignment, this theory will be critically analyzed to examine whether this theory has provided an expanded, value-based concept of adaptation.Adaptation is a popular and long-standing term in nursing. It is used most frequently to capture a central concern of the discipline: an individual's adjustment to an illness, a disability, or health problem. People, both individually and in groups, according to this theory are viewed as holistic adaptive systems, with coping processes acting to maintain adaptation and to promote transformations at the personal and environmental levels. The coping processes are broadly described within the regulator and cognitive subsystems for the individual, and the stabilizer and innovator subsystems for groups. Through these coping processes, persons considered as holistic adaptive systems interact with the internal and external environment, transform the environment, and are transformed by it (Johnson & Webber, 2005, 207-233).As evident from this theory, this model has been proposed in a simple manner that is easily comprehensible by any reader interested in nursing theories. The concepts are clear that flow through a process of reasoning. The components have been derived from both literature and clinical practice, and any practitioner identifies herself and her practice with the theory in no time. ...
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