As the report declares World Health Organisation provided a recognised definition of health care in its Alma Ata Declaration. Primary health care is essential health care made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community by means acceptable to them, through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford. It forms an integral part, both of the country’s health care system, of which it is the nucleus, and of the overall social and economic development of the community. It is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health care system, bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work and constitutes the first element of a continuing health care process. Primary health care addresses the main health problems in the community, providing promotive, preventive, curative, supportive and rehabilitative services accordingly
This essay stresses that dieticians are health care professional, who apply their unique body of knowledge and expertise to support people in understanding and applying the principles of healthy eating throughout the entire lifecycle. They are educated in the science and management of nutrition and dietetics. They also bring evidence-based decision-making to their practice and adhere to nationally established standards of practice, monitored by provincial regulatory bodies.
Furthermore, dieticians also utilise health promotion, disease prevention and treatment strategies that support communities and individuals to make healthy eating and active living choices. These strategies are well-recognised as important in reducing the incidence of chronic illness and reducing health care costs (Higgins et al, 1989).
Dieticians are health professionals especially trained to advise on diet, food and nutrition. For any nutrition-related health issue, there is a spectrum of actions that dieticians can take in order to address the problem - health promotion and illness prevention strategies as well as specialised nutrition therapy and rehabilitation or support strategies in addressing specific nutrition-related illnesses.
The British National Health Service enumerates the dietitians' job description. Also referred to as Registered Dietitians, dietitians translate the science of nutrition into everyday information about food. They are the ones who undertake the practical application of nutrition with both individuals and population groups in promoting the well being of individuals and communities for the prevention of nutrition related problems. They are as well involved in the diagnoses and dietary treatment of disease.
Dietitians work with people of special dietary needs, inform the general public about nutrition, give unbiased advice, evaluate and improve treatments and
This article focuses on the important leadership role played by dieticians in health care services through health promotion, disease prevention, treatment, support and rehabilitation. Nutrition is an acknowledged factor in promoting and maintaining health…
National Health Services of the United Kingdom is the world's largest publicly funded health care service provider which was evolved with an aim of providing good healthcare to all i.e. irrespective of wealth (http://www.nhs.uk)1 However it is pertinent to mention that central taxation funds 84% of the NHS provisions and NHS expenditure is 83% of total healthcare funding (Morris, 2006).2 Health and social care are the two important aspects that most of the nations are trying to build their economic growth.
In particular, Public sector organisations pursue political and social goals rather than simple commercial objectives. (Ramos et al, 2007)
Unlike the private sector, public sector organisations do not focus their interest on profit maximisation and income generation.
The NHS is managed by the United Kingdom, Department of Health and is funded by the tax payer.1 The NHS provides nation wide health care services to include the following:-
The NHS is a continuously evolving organisation and has been adapting to the emerging health environment.
There is no dearth of talent in the service, and the doctors and nurses remain hugely committed to their patients. They put in long and stressful hours, but they are being let down by a system that is dysfunctional. Since 1997, the government has made excellent progress: NHS funding has doubled and will soon be three times what it was at the end of the 1990s.
Professional medical and surgical treatment, especially in hospital settings, is commonly regarded as the conventional model for modern health care systems, but this is only part of a more complex and differentiated pattern (Moran 1999). The NHS is generally regarded as one of the core components of the British welfare state.
These include national guidelines, a system of clinical governance, imposing the importance of delivering high-quality care, and a national inspection system across areas or disciplines. Although there is evidence that the performance of the National Health Services have improved, it is not beyond criticism that there are still glaring deficiencies in services and people's access to these services.
Many of its senior citizens are suffering from illnesses that are common with their age profile for example arthritis and cardiovascular diseases and in particular, congestive heart failure. The hospital's busyness is due its annual admission of over 7000 patients.
A health care facility at National Health Services is offered freely at the point of delivery as they are funded by tax payers’ money. Currently, NHS is regarded as the highest employers in Europe as it has employed more that 1.3 people.
According to the research findings, NHS has long been funded by the money raised through taxation. But the recent budget cuts announced by the UK government make it necessary for the system to make alternative arrangements. In view of little or no cash increase in the forthcoming years the system must keep itself ready to face the challenge.