As the report declares World Health Organisation provided a recognised definition of health care in its Alma Ata Declaration. Primary health care is essential health care made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community by means acceptable to them, through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford. It forms an integral part, both of the country’s health care system, of which it is the nucleus, and of the overall social and economic development of the community. It is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health care system, bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work and constitutes the first element of a continuing health care process. Primary health care addresses the main health problems in the community, providing promotive, preventive, curative, supportive and rehabilitative services accordingly
This essay stresses that dieticians are health care professional, who apply their unique body of knowledge and expertise to support people in understanding and applying the principles of healthy eating throughout the entire lifecycle. They are educated in the science and management of nutrition and dietetics. They also bring evidence-based decision-making to their practice and adhere to nationally established standards of practice, monitored by provincial regulatory bodies.
Furthermore, dieticians also utilise health promotion, disease prevention and treatment strategies that support communities and individuals to make healthy eating and active living choices. These strategies are well-recognised as important in reducing the incidence of chronic illness and reducing health care costs (Higgins et al, 1989).
Dieticians are health professionals especially trained to advise on diet, food and nutrition. For any nutrition-related health issue, there is a spectrum of actions that dieticians can take in order to address the problem - health promotion and illness prevention strategies as well as specialised nutrition therapy and rehabilitation or support strategies in addressing specific nutrition-related illnesses.
The British National Health Service enumerates the dietitians' job description. Also referred to as Registered Dietitians, dietitians translate the science of nutrition into everyday information about food. They are the ones who undertake the practical application of nutrition with both individuals and population groups in promoting the well being of individuals and communities for the prevention of nutrition related problems. They are as well involved in the diagnoses and dietary treatment of disease.
Dietitians work with people of special dietary needs, inform the general public about nutrition, give unbiased advice, evaluate and improve treatments and