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History of Berlin From a Science, Arts, and Culture Perspective Berlin and Berlin Wall - Research Paper Example

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History of Berlin From a Science, Arts, and Culture Perspective Berlin and Berlin Wall

For example, the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, which is an international and interdisciplinary research institute, offers opportunities for cultural and scientific research. Indeed, Berlin City has a wide history of technology, science, and scientists. In fact, some of the great scientists in the world hail from Berlin. Albert Einstein, Alexander von Humboldt, Otto Hahn, Max Planck, Robert Koch lived, worked and carried out their research in Berlin. Most significantly, their findings and innovations had a world impact that runs from one generation to another. Born in 1769 in Berlin, Alexander von Humboldt is one of the most celebrated scientists in Berlin. Alexander von Humboldt had a particular interest in scientific research on geography and propagation of plants. As such, he conducted various studies and experiments in the fields of physics, biology, chemistry, geology, and botany. He actually drew significant results where today, over 1,000 plants, animals, mountains, rivers and products carry his name. Additionally, Einstein, a physicist, invented the General Theory of Relativity and the discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect that gave him Nobel Prize “for his services to Theoretical Physics in 1921. His contributions formed the basis for modern electricity bringing Berlin into the world map in matters of science. Born in 1936, Gerhard Ertl won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for his “studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces in 2007. He equally established the surface chemistry in Germany and his contribution to chemistry form the basis of chemical reactions (Berlin Tourismus & Kongress GmbH Web). Another scientist from Berlin, Otto Hahn, and Lise Meitner started a research on the irradiation of uranium with neutrons. Together with Fritz Stra?mann, they succeeded in the first atom splitting in 1938. Indeed, in 1944, he won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for “his discovery of the fission of heavy (uranium) nuclei as basis for the use of the nuclear energy”. His discovery was significant in the creation of nuclear bombs (Berlin Tourismus & Kongress GmbH Web). Actually, Germany has the world’s largest neutron user community. We also have the Berlin Academy of Science that was founded in 1712 and the Academy of the Arts founded in 1696. To date, Berlin City has seven universities of applied sciences and more than 60 other institutions making it a 'capital of science' rich in academic life. We also have the Berlin Adlershof, which is a lighthouse scientific project, combining closely-connected exchanges of scientific ideas and cooperative agreements. Through scientific inventions, a turbine engine that could generate power for mills was introduced in Berlin. Moreover, in 1877, Furbish established the first chemical pulp mill in Berlin, Forest Fiber Co. Equally, Berlin was the first federal State to have electric lights, the power for which was generated by the hydroelectric power station from the Furbish Forest Fiber Mill (Bornstein Web). Today, Berlin has a highly complex transport subject to its diverse scientific innovations. In Berlin, numerous non-university institutes play a central role in the area of optical ...Show more


History of Berlin from a Science, Arts, and Culture Perspective Berlin and Berlin Wall Berlin is the official capital city of Germany and one of the youngest cities in Europe (The Governing Mayor of Berlin Web). The city has exciting and wide history that relates to its residents and their culture, their science, and art…
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