Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Death Penalty - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Author : eliwill

Summary

INTRODUCTION: Death penalty is often the subject of controversy. Opponents of the death penalty argue that life imprisonment is an effective substitute, that capital punishment may lead to irreversible miscarriages of justice, or that it violates the criminal's right to life…

Extract of sample
Death Penalty

While some arguments are about moral judgments, others are disagreements about empirical trends, such as whether the death penalty is a more effective deterrent than life imprisonment. Ethical debate of the death penalty can be split into two main philosophical contexts, a deontological (a priori) context and a consequentiality context. A priori argument can be further subcategorized into a right argument and a virtue argument. Legal debate also generally falls into prior argument based on legal text. Consequentiality argument can be largely reduced to utilitarian formula through what amount to costs or benefits of the death penalty in terms of human lives and welfare. The deontological objection to the death penalty asserts that the death penalty is totally not correct by its nature, mostly due to the fact that it amounts to the violation of the right to life, which should be universal. In philosophical debate, however, the virtue school tends to argue that the death penalty is also "wrong" on the ground that the process is cruel and inhumane. It brutalizes the society at large and desensitizes and dehumanizes participants of the judicial process. In particular, it extinguishes the possibility of rehabilitation and redemption of the perpetrator(s). ...
Download paper

Related Essays

The Deterrent Effects of the Death Penalty: Tangible or Mythical?
Capital punishment has existed throughout history. Common methods of executing criminals in the past included; crucifixion, drowning, flaying and beheading. The method of execution of traitors in England up to the 19th century was a painful and gory mixture known as hanging, drawing and quartering. In these times, executions were often a public spectacle (Melusky & Pesto, p. 2). The public was invited to witness the often excruciatingly painful death of the criminal. No mercy was shown to the condemned, and no measures taken to ease the brutality of the executions. The brutality, publicity and…
10 pages (2510 words)
The death penalty and its violation of the Eighth Amendment of the US Constitution
As a form of punishment, some justice systems death penalty punishes a collective number of capital offenders who are guilty. Whereas, the definition of capital offenders differs, many offenders who are guilty of taking the life of others fall into the category of capital offenders. Despite that fact that capital offenders attract capital judgment decisions such as the death penalty, there are strong arguments that people have raised against this practice. Some people view that the death penalty is barbaric, expensive, and executed in an arbitrary way. Some people also cite death penalty as a…
13 pages (3263 words)
Death Penalty in New York State
George Kendall is documented as being the first man to be officially put to death in colonized America by the state in 1608. Since then over 20,000 accused criminals have been executed in America for a variety of offenses ranging from murder to property crimes. The inclination of jurists to award the death penalty almost at will in the early part of American history was partly influenced by the lack of penitentiaries and an organized prison system. Execution was seen as the primary method to protect society from subversive and anti-social elements. Capital punishment was also employed as a…
8 pages (2008 words)
The Death Penalty : Wrongful Execution
Lastly, the paper concludes by providing a brief summary of the paper’s main points, and reaffirms my position on the debate. The Debate about the Death Penalty 1. Introduction Societies use different modes of punishments to deter criminal activities and discourage future offences. Murder is a common and old offence that has continued to persist in societies, with controversial perspectives on punishment. Societies usually have high interests in preventing murder. Consequently, the death penalty might be perceived fair punishment for anyone who kills another human being. Criminologists study…
3 pages (753 words)
Whether the Death Penalty is a Desirable Policy
Apparently, death penalty is a controversial debate, with both opposing camps presenting strong positions aimed at justifying their claim. Possibly, no one would like to stand on the neutral ground to advocate for both, or none. The major contention is whether death penalty is a desirable policy for the government to implement. Notably, death penalty curtails the rights to life, which the constitution guarantees (Coughlin, 2004, p.99). The human rights activists have played an aggressive role in making sure that the governments abolish all constitutional provisions and by-laws, which promote…
11 pages (2761 words)
Essay that argues the death penalty
When prisoners are given death penalties in the court and outside it people cherish the news, a problem arises. When a value is assigned to a human life and other alternatives are being weighed against it, a problem arises. When confusion, rage and animosity hide under the name of justice, a problem arises. If we try to find out the reason of Death Penalty, we will not get any answer other than vengeance. Though, it is quite disappointing that the people in our culture have sunk to the level that they have accepted even vengeance (Banner 281). Natural Law Philosophers like Plato, Aristotle,…
3 pages (753 words)