Latin American Identity: A Cultural, Social and Historical Analysis based on Rodos Ariel and Retamars Caliban

Masters
Essay
Miscellaneous
Pages 8 (2008 words)
Download 0
Latin-American Identity is a complex and ambiguous concept, influenced as it is by numerous cultural, social and historical contexts that often present dichotomies rather than unified wholes. While Rodo and Retamar present different paths towards a Latin-American identity a great irony must be initially pointed out…

Introduction


Rodo and Retamar have contrasting visions of what will create a strong Latin-American Identity. For Rodo it is the educated intellectuals who must lead the way, while for Retamar it is the mestizos and the lower classes. Taking Rodo's Ariel first, in this work the writer calls for a cosmopolitanism that involved changing/transforming European models of development and identity. According to Rodo, Latin-Americans should neither slavishly follow European standards/structures nor unthinkingly reject them. According to Rodo the sense of Ariel as 'spirit' can create a Latin-American cultural sovereignty:
Rolo's view of Ariel, and the manner in which it can inform an identity for Latin-Americans, seems based upon the Cartesian contrast between rationality and savagery, between elevation and baseness, between intelligence and ignorance. Essentially, all those features which are typically "European", stemming mainly from the Enlightenment image of civilization are contrasted with those characteristics which were typically associated with the "natives" (i.e. non-Europeans, in this case Latin-Americans) who are perceived as savage.
The colonial past, if not valorized, is at least presented in a softer light than many critics would suggest is both realistic and a moral imperative. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Latin American Identity: A Cultural, Social and Historical Analysis based on Rodos Ariel and Retamars Caliban
Rodo and Retamar have contrasting visions of what will create a strong Latin-American Identity. For Rodo it is the educated intellectuals who must lead the way, while for Retamar it is the mestizos and the lower classes. Taking Rodo's Ariel first, in this work the writer calls for a cosmopolitanism that involved changing/transforming European models of development and identity. According to Rodo,…
Retamars Caliban
Unlike Rodo who depicts Latin America identified as the spiritually-driven Ariel, Retamar reads into the role of an apparent barbaric, savage Caliban to find Latin American culture as a heroic, rebellious people. "Retamar rereads Caliban's barbarity as the organic revolutionary consciousness of the popular classes" says Maria Josefina Saldaana-Portillo2.…
Jose Enrique Rodo's Ariel
As Carlos Fuentes explains in the prologue, "Ariel appears as the emotional and intellectual response of Latin American thought and Latin American spirituality to growing North American imperial arrogance, gunboat diplomacy, and big stick policies."1…
Latin American Civilizations
The population of Latin America is an …
Latin American Region
Latin American countries share a common preference for family over community needs. This is a stereotype that Latin Americans are particularly proud of because it shows their tight knit family and positive family values.…
Cultural Identity Interview and Analysis
He is 28 years old now, and has lived here for one year. Although he's getting used to it, he says he misses his home country and willingly shares his knowledge and memories about Bulgarian culture.…
Latin American Religion
There religion developed from a mixture of African culture of the slave who had settled in the sates. …