Methodology Inductive and deductive data Saunders et al. (2007) write that inductive approaches explore the data to develop theories that are then tested empirically. Inductive data is used when researchers use their observations and empirical data to construct new theories (Cargan 2007)…
Finally, inductive approaches do not always allow researchers to capture the complexity of various social phenomena (Cargan 2007). This is why, when researchers cannot overcome the major limitations of inductive data, they begin their study with a theory, followed by a hypothesis and research (Saunders et al., 2007). In other words, they apply for deductive research approaches. Deductive data is usually derived from the study of earlier experiments, empirical and theoretical literature. In other words, deductive approaches rely on the previous studies and lead to the creation of generalizations and assumptions from earlier formulations (Cargan 2007). The use of deductive data in research is very common. According to Saunders et al (2007), deductive data allows developing conceptual frameworks from theories considered in the literature. These frameworks are then tested using the data (Saunders et al. 2007). Researchers who use deductive data develop new theories, based on the earlier studies in the same field. In deductive approaches, researchers usually begin with the analysis of literature. At times, meta-analysis designs are used to systematize earlier research findings. All these steps are integral to deductive approaches in research. With deductive data, researchers find it easier to make generalizations and develop recommendations for future research. ...
Mixed methods research Mixed methods have already become a defining feature of contemporary research. Mixed studies are often valued for their strength and reliability. Basically, mixed methods designs involve the use of both quantitative and qualitative features (Denscombe 2010). The concept of mixed methods can be traced to the end of the 1950s (Creswell 2003). Mixed methods exemplify a logical and promising response to the limitations inherent in all research methods. With the help of mixed methods, researchers can “neutralize or cancel the biases of other methods” (Creswell 2003, p.15). Triangulation is a popular method of research, which is used to ensure better validity and reliability of the study findings (Creswell 2003). For example, the results obtained from one method can be used to inform another method of research, or one method can be nested within another research strategy to ensure effective analysis of the different levels of data (Creswell 2003). Researchers who use mixed methods in their studies can choose from three research procedures. First, in sequential mixed method approaches, researchers use the data obtained from one research method to improve the quality of the results obtained from another method (Creswell 2003). The data obtained from one method can also be used to improve the second method used a mixed study design. Second, researchers can also use concurrent procedures, when qualitative and quantitative data are used simultaneously to study one research question (Creswell 2003). Finally, there are also transformative procedures when a particular theoretical framework is used to interpret both quantitative and qualitative study findings (Creswell 2003). The choice of particular procedures and ...
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(Methodology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Methodology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/other/10321-methodology.
Therefore, this research is explanatory in nature, and involves analysis of information to establish relationships between shareholders and their rights. Through the analysis of data on shareholder behavior for the three study environments, and analysis of the legal ramifications at their disposal, the research will draw comparisons for the two countries to make arrive at a definite conclusion to the research.
For the sake of providing the best understanding, it will be appropriate to recap important elements of the research in order to make the research methodology meaningful. They following phases represent the objectives at hand: 3.1.1 Phase 1 To provide an understanding of the main objective of teaching and maintaining art in the curriculum of students in Iraq.
More specifically, the design will relate to our research problems and issues and assist us in coming up with efficient answers to our research problems. The design will attempt to answer the questions what are the assumptions, how are we going to conduct our study and the justifications for the choice of the research method.
It includes the tools and techniques used to undertake a given enquiry into a topic under research (Scruggs and Mastropieri, 2006). The research methodology therefore sets the framework for the conduct of a study and defines how the study will be carried out from the initial phases to the conclusion.
(3) To analyse and evaluate the data collected to find the answer(s) to the research aim as to whether mainstreaming is the best option, or if there are better alternatives, and the different conditions for the effectiveness of these alternatives.
Positivism recognizes "working with an observable social reality and that the end product of such research can be law-like generalisations similar to those produced by the physical and natural scientists" (Remenyi et al., 1998, cited in Saunders et al., 2003, p.83).
used in the study comprises a mixture of both the “phenomenological paradigm” which is also referred to as a “qualitative” approach, and the “positivistic paradigm” also known as the “quantitative” approach (Collis & Hussey, 2003, p. 47).
Content analysis is defined as a method of analysing written, verbal or visual communication messages (Cole 1988). Krippendorff (2004) defined content analysis as a systematic, replicable method used to compress many words of text into fewer content
stand the symmetric and linear relationship between the employee satisfaction and the level of employee engagement (Boselie and Dietz, 2003; De Mello, Wildermuth and Pauken, 2008). The research sheds light upon the variable that are internal as well as external in raising
The adoption of this approach remains mainly because of the nature of information being sought, which will involve a combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches(Creswell, 2009). The first phase of the research will involve collecting
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