ulation Trend in UK 36 Appendix VIII – Trend of Oil and Gas Reserves 36 Appendix IX – Employment and Unemployment Trend in UK 37 Appendix X – Computation of 5 x 7 meters Solar Photovoltaic System Facing North, East, South and West 37 Introduction In UK, the renewable energy industry is rapidly expanding so as to minimize the volume of fossil fuels used in the production of electricity, and also reduce their associated carbon dioxide gas emissions for the purpose of reducing pollution to the levels or targets set by the governmental policy. As of 2008, the United Kingdom has been increasingly dependent over the use of renewable energy resources. In line with this, 5.5% (approximately 4.3 million tonnes of oil equivalent) of the total electricity that was generated in UK was produced from the use of renewable resources such as bio fuels (76.19%), wind power (14.29%), and hydroelectricity (9.52%) (Office for National Statistics, 2011). Even though the use of renewable energy resources has been increasing, there is still a long way for the UK government to reach its goal of generating 30% of its electricity from renewable resources aside from decreasing its carbon dioxide emission by 40% by year 2020 (Department of Energy & Climate Change, 2011). (See Appendix I – Historical Trend of Electricity Generated by Renewable Resources in UK on page 22) It is a universal knowledge that the burning of oil and natural gas could produce and emit excessive carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide that could trigger global warming. To combat the global climate changes, the UK government decided to gradually shift from the use of non-renewable to renewable energy resources (Committee on Climate Change, 2010). Recently, the Committee on Climate Change announced that the Scottish Government will reduce the carbon gas emission by 3.5% annually between2020 to 2050 (Committee on Climate Change, 2011). As a result of increasing the use of non-renewable energy resources, the annual emission of carbon dioxide throughout the United Kingdom decreased from 8.95 metric tons per capita in 1995 down to 8.6 metric tons per capita in 2007 (Federal Statistical Office Germany, 2010). (See Appendix II – CO2 Emission in UK on page 23) Renewable energy significantly contributes towards a low carbon economy and thereby, provides a secure supply of valuable energy. Numerous years of development and research in the field of the production of energy have introduced many renewable energy technologies however the progress of the renewable energy has been constrained by the various perceptions of the risk associated with such technologies. As of 2008, the Un
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Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Introduction 3 Purpose of the Study 5 Rationale for Selecting the Research Topic 6 Scope and Limitations 6 Research Objectives 7 Risks linked to different Renewable Energy Systems (RES) 7 8 Literature Review 9 Similarities and Differences between Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal System 9 Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal System 9 PESTLE Analysis in UK 11 Political 11 Environment 12 Social 13 Technology 13 Economic 14 Risk Management Analysis 14 Credit Risks 14 Climate and Environmental Risks 15 Market Risks 15 Proposed Methodology for Risk Management in Renewable Energy Projects 16 Project Definition and Requir…
From this research it is clear that there are now more than 100,000 solar photovoltaic (PV) system installations in the United Kingdom (UK) and with the FIT, this number is bound to increase. In lieu of this trend, the next part of this paper provides an overview of PV systems to assist anyone who wish to utilize this technology.
Wind power for water desalination including a comparison with solar power desalination. The two major problems that the world is facing are the water scarcity and green house emission. There should be such systems that have the capacity to encounter both the both problems.
Innovative ideas have come out to save the earth from destruction of its ozone layer. World population is expected to increase by about 10 billion by year 2050 and if electricity demands are not programmed by now, there will surely be insurmountable problems for the people and the deterioration of the environment will exacerbate.
4 25 Findings and Analysis 25 CHAPTER 5 33 Proposed Solution to Problem, Recommendations, Limitations of the Analysis 33 CHAPTER 6 37 Overview 37 Company Overview 38 Solar Industry Issues 39 Problem Statement 41 Analysis and Findings 42 SWOT 42 Porter’s 5 Forces Model 43 McKinsey‘s 7 S Model 45 Recommendation: Communication strategy based Implementation 46 Conclusion 49 References 50 CHAPTER 1 1.1 Global energy The demand for fuel is ever increasing.
In line with this, 5.5% (approximately 4.3 million tonnes of oil equivalent) of the total electricity that was generated in UK was produced from the use of renewable resources such as biofuels (76.19%), wind power (14.29%), and hydroelectricity (9.52%) (Office for National Statistics, 2011).
It is energy derived from the intrust of sunlight. It is no new knowledge that sunlight itself is a free gift of nature and scientist in the past century began to discuss on the possibilities of drawing energy/power from the heat waves to be utilized for various human purposes here on earth.
There are many new types of solar power which make it more efficient than ever. Solar energy harnessing is most effective in areas with long hours of sunlight which are fairly regular throughout the year. The aim of this research was to discover whether this technology can be applied in the United Kingdom despite the high latitude and persistent cloud cover and many times during the year.
Solar energy is one of them. The population of the Saudi Arabia is rising fast and so the consumption of water in the country. Shortage of water and depleting sources of fossil fuel has prompted scientist and engineers to search for new technologies that are sustainable and eco friendly.
Analyses of some local companies led this research to narrow down on one company, ABC Transport, for a joint venture with Risk Frisk Ltd. The final activity was to provide a launching plan between the two companies.
AThe author explains the principles of work of solar thermal energy. Solar thermal systems are easy to integrate into existing hot water systems. Solar thermal energy provides an ideal addition or substitution to any traditional hot water systems. These systems are highly durable with modern solar thermal systems being designed to last for 20 years.
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