This social contract is the basis in which people can live in harmony and is necessary because humans are social animals and the absence of any social contract will tend to destroy any society as there will be deviants in it. A theory of justice as propounded and conceptualized by John Rawls depends on two things: the original position which is highly hypothetical in that the principles of justice are selected and implemented from his so-called “veil of ignorance” in which people lack any ulterior aim or motive and therefore presumed to act in the best interests of everybody in that society. In his theory, the original position assumes everyone starts out being equal initially and gradually in turn seeks out the best possible solutions in which possible gains are maximized and possible losses are minimized (the maximin principle) in a heuristics fashion (a trial and error method). Everyone works for the betterment of everyone and disregards any probable gains for oneself (without hidden agendas or ulterior motives whatsoever). The veil of ignorance presumes a lot in a world in which men are naturally greedy and works against the principle of basic instinct in which the rule of self-preservation often prevails. I would dare say it is not a workable idea at all since it assumes complete innocence and conflates all people into one (Freyenhagen ...Show more
Social contract is an intellectual or philosophical construct in which originally free individuals agree to give up some of their natural rights in favor of a social system or a political…
It is evident from the study that in order to recover from criticism of his theory, John Rawls constantly develops recasts, revises and expands his theory of justice. His works despite being criticized cannot be discarded since there are no alternative theories provided by Sandel. Rawls will be commemorated for his impartial model of justice as fairness.
John Rawls theory of justice as fairness is defended as the best conception of justice in the community. He pioneered the discussion of distributive justice and has been described as an indisputably the most influential political philosopher of the 20th century.
Both these philosophers presented their ideology on the political system which holds relevance and importance in the world today. John Rawls Theory of Justice John Rawls political philosophy was presented in 1971 as his work “A Theory of Justice”. The main idea behind this philosophical work led to the shaping up of the modern social democratic and liberal concepts under social justice.
Emmanuel Kant considered the categorical imperative wherein one should only engage in actions as long as they could be extended to all members of society. John Rawls, in his Theory of Justice, proposed the idea of the veil of ignorance. The corollary of this approach is that, “.
Essentially, the Rawlsian philosophy approaches justice according to the concept of fairness. The idea is that justice is a complex concept and it could differ according to individual circumstance. Rawls contended that all of us are ignorant about ourselves and about others and, hence, we are not in a position - in such condition - to determine or apply the principles of justice.
Rawls's in his book A Theory of Justice has constructed a hypothetical theory which is system based on equality that he calls "Justice as Fairness". Rawls's social theory discusses the role of institutions in a society, which aggravate bitterness creating isolation.
However, Rawls in concept of distributive justice goes further in hypothesizing the justice theory under the justice as fairness. The justice as fairness has two principle to drive the following Rawlsian principles of justice the first one is that the liberty principle and the second is the difference principle.
It is basically something that people accept and seldom questioned. However not everybody is like that. Humanity in her story has seen and heard the many propositions and hypothesis regarding the stipulation of society. The
on his part only as a thought experiment, which he developed from the basic idea of liberal and democratic social contract traditions held by traditional philosophers like Locke, Rousseau, and Kant (Rawls, 1999: 10). He therefore, invited us to draw on hypothetical situations,
Major developments in modern discourse that unravels distributive justice cannot be exhaustive without a mention of contributions by John Rawls and Robert Nozick. Positions held by Rawls and Nozick about distributive justice
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