StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Hundred Schools of Thought (Ancient Chinese Philosophies) - Research Paper Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Hundred Schools of Thought (Ancient Chinese Philosophies)

The phenomenon has remained in the history books of the Chinese nation and given the title “Contention of a Hundred Schools of Thought”. The ideas and thoughts refined and discussed in this period have since then intensely influenced the social consciousness and the lifestyles of the people up to the modern days not just in China but the whole of East Asia . The intellectual part of the society during this time was characteristic of itinerant scholars who were employed by several state rulers most of the time as advisers of the war, government and diplomacy methods. This memorable period in history ended with the coming of the Qin Dynasty together with purge of dissent that flowed after. The major philosophies and characters/tenets of this era include Legalism, Confucianism, Maoism, Taoism, logicians and the school of Ying-yang. The philosophies and characters are believed to have had great impacts in influencing the lifestyles, culture and the social atmosphere in Chinese history. Confucianism Confucianism or “School of scholars’ was the philosophical body that most people believe had the most lasting impacts on the life of Chinese people. The legacy of this line of thought has been written on the Confucian Classics that was later made the traditional society foundation. The Confucianism took place between 551-479 BC, the period being referred to as the Kongzi of the master king2. The philosophy was named after the main founder called Confucius. Confucianism reflects back to the Zhou dynasty early days in order to come up with a political-social order that is ideal. Confucius believed that an effective government system should play a big role in necessitating each individuals prescribed relationships. He insisted that the government system should be in such a way that it ensures the ruler is given his role of ruling and the subject remains a subject. To him, for a king to rule properly, he had to be virtuous. According to Confucianism, social stratifications and the government functions were life facts that had to be sustained by the use of ethical values. To Confucius, his ideal human being went by the title ‘junzi’, meaning a superior person or a gentleman. Mencius or Mengzi (371-289) BC come up with philosophical teaching formulated directly to respond to Confucius work. The impact of the combined Confucius work who served as an interpreter and codifier of an ethical behavior based on relationship system and the emergence of Mencius, who came out as being a developer and synthesizer of Confucianism thoughts, provided the Chinese society with a framework that was comprehensive by which every life aspect was virtually ordered. Many accretions came out of Confucian thoughts immediately and after many years coming from within or without his school. The interpretations that were adapted and made use in the contemporary society gave room for Confucianism flexibility, allowing the essential system of behavior that had been modeled from ancient literature to constitute its philosophical core3. Completely different from Mencius work with reference to the nature of human beings was Xunzi interpretation that took place between c. 300-237 BC. This was another follower of Confucian. Xunzi argued that man cannot be innately good; he believed that goodness ...Show more

Summary

HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE   Your instructor The Hundred Schools of Thought (Ancient Chinese Philosophies) Introduction The Hundred Schools of Thought or simply the traditional Chinese philosophies refer to schools and philosophers that are remembered for the way they flourished in the historical period between 221 BC and 770BC…
Author : dallas76
The Hundred Schools of Thought (Ancient Chinese Philosophies) essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"The Hundred Schools of Thought (Ancient Chinese Philosophies)"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Dream Theories and Beliefs in Middle Eastern, Ancient Greek/Egyptian, and Chinese cultures
For most of them, dreams held a significant place in their memories and they sought guidance or some sort of message from the dreams they had. “The dream is culturally embedded, part of a system of symbols. It may, biologically, be linked with cycles of arousal that are part of a mammalian pattern that precede the development of a cerebral cortex sufficiently complex to make culture possible; but the meaning attributed to it by a culture may ignore arousal and emphasize external message from the gods.” (Parman 2) Dreams may also symbolize good or bad meanings.
10 pages (2500 words) Research Paper
Comparison of Quality Philosophies
t of non-conformance Cost of non-conformance Role of Top Management Qualitative decision making begins from the top Improve managerial skills Demonstrate commitment, improve quality awareness, participation Leadership and participation Role of the Worker Enhanced team work, treat other departments as internal customer and improve productivity Assume responsibility and improve teamwork Quality awareness, personal concern and personal goal setting High level involvement The above table clearly demonstrates that the philosophies of Deming, Juran and Crosby clearly outline a distinctive approach to quality.
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
Ancient giza
Giza is also the name of a place in Egypt. The pyramid of Giza is located at Giza Necropolis. This borders what is now known as the El Giza in Egypt. The pyramid of Giza was so big that it formed one of the wonders of the world. It is also the only wonder of the world that has remained intact for so many years.
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Rationalism, Skepticism, and Romanticism as Three Primary Philosophical Schools of Thought during the Enlightenment
Voltaire wrote in lots of genres, surpassing at several (Lawall 375). He can be remembered in the modern era through his connections with philosophical works, theatre, and short stories of adventure dramatizing philosophical ideologies. The most eminent is Candide, a satire of Leibniz’s optimism philosophy.
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Comparison of Quality Philosophies
Quality management has emerged as one of the approaches that are able to help management of any organization navigate through the challenges and attain organizational objectives and goals. Quality management is an organization approach that seeks to precisely understand what customers need and to consistently deliver accurate solutions on time, and within budget and in a way that cause minimum loss to society (Waddock and Bodwell, 2004).
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
What challenges do the educational philosophies of Paulo Freire and Waldorf schools pose
In his philosophy, Paulo admired an education system that gives the students and the teachers an equal opportunity. He believed that an education system that allows teachers and students to work and learn together on the same level will enable the students have a voice in a society that will try to oppress them (Irwin, 2012).
7 pages (1750 words) Research Paper
One Hundred Years of Solitude
In the year 1967, ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’ was published in Spanish but owing to its extensive popularity, the novel got translated into almost thirty-seven languages across the globe. On one hand the novel
7 pages (1750 words) Research Paper
Comparison of Quality Philosophies
On the other hand, Crosby relies on zero tolerance to defects, cost of quality and organizational motivation to explain quality management (Koontz, 2006). In terms of overlapping arguments, all three experts emphasize the importance of defect
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
Ancient Chinese Contributions
Ancient Chinese were extremely innovative and most of their discoveries are still in use. We can trace the origins of many sciences in China, for
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Ethical and Moral Philosophies
This paper aims at analyzing the impact of moral philosophies in business decision-making through relating two moral philosophies to business, illustrating the
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation