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Principles of Magic and the Mechanical Philosophy - Essay Example
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Running head: Principles of magic and the mechanical philosophy Principles of magic and the mechanical philosophy Name Name of instructor Date Principles of magic and the mechanical philosophy There are many views that were developed by 16th and 17 century philosophers on nature and science…
This paper is not aimed at focusing on the weaknesses of those views but rather on the concepts that resulted from these weaknesses. There was a general consensus that the philosophy of nature be in two orientations. The first was the mechanical philosophy that was advanced Gassendi and Descartes and the other is the magical philosophy that had its development attributed to alchemists, Neo-Platonist and hermeticists that were considered to be adherents of the prisca theologia. The principal difference between the two philosophies was the view of nature. Mechanical philosophers mainly characterized nature in terms of what they could see like shape, motion and position and not on the sensory attributes which they viewed as illusory. The magical philosophy was more on the presence of an anima mundi that was responsible for the governance of the material world. The mechanical philosophy was stronger in its focus on the manipulation of the non-human part of nature and utilizing it for human benefit. The consequence of this was the industrial revolution. The magical philosophy emphasized on the reverence of nature and focused more on circumspection in the way that she was exploited and possessed. Giordano Bruno referred the earth to as the perpetual mother and nurse of the universe and as such argues that the earth must move. ...
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