The emergentist theories on consciousness are based upon the idea that the whole of consciousness is far greater than that of the parts from which it is composed. The reductionist theories suggest that there cannot be a system in which the parts do not exist and therefore cannot be reduced from that system. In discussing the idea of the consciousness, the idea of an emergent system from which something more is created that is beyond that of the definable parts suggests that the idea of consciousness is an emergent system. The concept of consciousness is a difficult place to locate in relationship to the natural world. It is a part of the present, an aspect of the moment, but also an intangible that cannot be placed in the physical plane. Chalmer (2003) discusses the concept of consciousness in relationship to six different classes, which can then be divided into two sets. The first set is focused on the idea of consciousness as a physical process where the second is focused on the idea of consciousness which requires a “re-conception for a physical ontology” (Chalmer 2003, p.103). The idea of consciousness, although easily defined as being present or not, as in either someone is conscious or not, it is far more difficult to determine what it means to be conscious. Consciousness is essentially defined by the idea of experience. What is perceived is translated into the mind and the ability to create those perceptions can be defined as a part of what it means to be conscious. Identifying the functions and processes that are the defining concepts of consciousness and trying to separate them between the physical and the metaphysical becomes a part of how the problem of consciousness becomes more complicated. American philosopher John Searle stated that “the most important problem in the biological sciences today is the problem of consciousness…understanding the nature of consciousness crucially requires understanding how brain processes cause and realize consciousness” (Bonshek, Bonshek and Fergusson 2007, p. 3). The duality of being ‘awake’ is in the idea of the separation of mind and body. When the mind is separated from the body as a metaphysical presence, the idea of consciousness becomes far more complicated to define as a state of being. In trying to define consciousness, the two opposing theories are termed emergent or reductionist. The emergent theories of consciousness can be understood as a development of a group of parts that are all associated and when put together there is more to them than how they are valued separately. Kim (1999, p. 3) that “systems acquire increasingly higher degrees of organizational complexity they begin to exhibit novel properties that in some sense transcend the properties of their constituent parts, and behave in ways that cannot be predicted on the basis of the laws governing simpler systems”. The emergent concept allows for the idea that the parts do not have meaning when not in the function of the whole. From a reductionist perspective, the definition of the object is constructed by the understanding of how the parts work individually and are then assembled to create the whole (Bonshek, Bonshek, and Fergusson 2007). It might be said that the reductionist looks at what can be determined through tangible means and the emergent theorist looks at how the sum extends beyond the tangible provability of what is reduced to its parts. In order to look at the idea of consc
Consciousness as a strongly emergent property Defining what it means to be conscious is a difficult task for which multiple theories have emerged from which to explore the topic. The idea of consciousness is both physical and ontological, based upon experience and perception…
This is one of the significant aspects that demean the usefulness of the approach to strategic planning in the current economic climate that undergoes continuous change. The research has led to the realization of the importance of maintaining flexibility in the implementation of strategy.
Thus, property plays a pivotal role in the development of the society and the economy as well. Therefore, constructing infrastructure in the name of houses and offices is not sufficient to develop ea property, but in addition effective consideration of certain other aspects in addition to the local situation play a critical role in the development of the site.
This was unsettling because our relationship to the world is determined by our knowledge of it: not being able to know anything has disastrous implications for our ability to act. Altered states of consciousness: for example dreams and trances and the consciousness of children or the insane: are disturbing because 1) these forms of consciousness arise from the same physical reality as more normal consciousness; and 2) they form an alternative construct wherein to understand physical reality.
As such, every teacher should be knowledgeable on the regulations and policies governing his/her activities to avoid unsuitable consequences. Therefore, this essay presents my experience on the Texas School of Law (TSL) and
There are various benefits of emergent strategy and these include unanticipated profits. Emergent strategy can be planned to deal with problems, although it can also be employed to capitalize on unanticipated marketing profits.
The difference between deliberate strategies and emergent strategies is primarily of duration; while deliberate strategies are formed by assuming, analyzing, and foreseeing the national and international factors that affect
1 pages (250 words)Essay
Get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Didn't find an essay?
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org