The author of the essay "The Question of Clones" defines human cloning is the concept of creating genetically identical copies of a human being through artificial means. Although the idea had been a serious area of discussion for scientists since the 1960s, it was not until 1997 that the debate truly took off with the birth of Dolly, the world’s first successfully cloned sheep and proof that recreating an entire creature from a piece of tissue was possible. Dolly’s successful birth fuelled intense debate as it became clear that clones were no longer restricted to the realm of science fiction but rather were now a reality for the near future. With animals having been successfully cloned, it would only be a matter of time before the technology to clone human beings became possible.
The question of ethics has always come into consideration regarding new technology or inventions, but the subject of cloning is one that has drawn a significantly greater amount of debate and argument. The critics primarily disapprove of cloning primarily due to moral and ethical reasons. The advocates of cloning, on the other, primarily cite the various medical advancements that cloning could provide. One of the most known voices in the anti-cloning camp is the American physician and former chairman of the President’s Council on Bioethics Leon Kass who wrote an article entitled “The Wisdom of Repugnance” in which he gave several arguments on why cloning research should be banned. ...Show more