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Hume's analysis of the process by which we make causal judgments - Essay Example

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Hume's analysis of the process by which we make causal judgments

In other words, Hume distinguishes between the relationship of ideas and facts. This paper is going to discuss Hume’s analysis of the process by which we make causal judgments. Definition of causality Causality can be defined as the relationship between an object and a fact; it is among the most recognized ideas that we have. Causality is involved in almost all undertakings or human way of thinking; it is assumed in every argument and sensible actions. It is considered a beneficial idea in all areas of philosophy including philosophy science from the time of ancient Greeks to present. Hume as a philosopher, he defines causality as something that clinches things together. Knowing what causes are assists us to know how minds might or might not relate to bodies, how bodies might approach to create changes in other bodies, how thoughts might or might not influence deeds and how free they might or might not work. Therefore, all human beings are naturally attributed to certain occurrences of causal actions upon others. This means that whenever there is change in something, there is a quality that disappears, and another one appears, and the source of these changes is cause. In other words, for every quality produced as a result of change, there is a cause for that. Many changes occur due to the relation between change and cause. Hence, this natural acknowledgement of the association between cause and effect to occurrences is at the forefront of all the philosophical declaration and analysis. There are characteristics that help to differentiate the causal relations in the universe, which include non- anthropomorphic, uniformity and determinism. Non – anthropomorphic, causal relation means a name given to change, and that in causal correlation wishes, purpose and desires are never mentioned. Uniformity describes causal relations as unchanging habits between facts, on the other hand, determinism characteristics emphasize that there is a connection between a cause and an effect. Meaning causality is prejudiced by the presence of other aspects. There are meanings of causation as brought up by Hume, and they can be divided into two. The first definition focuses on regularity of connection, and the second definition incorporates essential correlation. From the two definitions, a controversy arises on which is the true theory of definition of Hume about causation. According to Hume, human beings reason in an inductive manner whereby we associate constant conjoined changes and that it is through mental connection that we come up with these concepts of causation. There are three main ways of interpreting Hume’s interpretation, which include logical positivists, skeptical realists and Quasi- realists. According to the logical positivists, Hume maintains that the organization of the universe is as a result of similarity between its causes and effects. For example, if A caused B then they must appear wherever each event occurs like if A occurs, B should also occur. Hume’s study on causation and his emphasize on the causes has been argued by other realists mainly those who doubt his work. This means that according to Hume, when two changes occur, it means that the connection is similar to the effects. Hume maintains that we lack continuous access to the essential connection, but we are naturally believed in the existence of objects. Hume justified on the absence of essential relationships rather there existed only constant conjunctions. On the ...Show more


Author’s Name Date Introduction Hume is considered the most influential philosopher writer in English, his philosophical works, which include the study of human nature and understanding, remain extensively and intensively influential…
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Humes analysis of the process by which we make causal judgments essay example
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