The Papacy of Pope Francis By Name Institution Course Course Instructor Date The term papacy refers to the authority and office of the pope of Rome. The papacy is considered to have been originally held by Saint Peter, who is also believed to have been the head of the universal church…
The recent election of Jorge Mario Cardinal Bergoglia in 2013 as Pope Francis brings to 266 the total number of popes in the history of the Catholic Church. Pope Francis has therefore, served for less than a year. Nonetheless, this paper focuses on the papacy of Pope Francis, including the challenges he has faced since he was elected, as well as those that he might face in future. This paper also addresses key issues that surround the aspect of papacy in the Catholic Church, including papal infallibility, among others. Like other leaders, the popes of the Catholic Church have been faced with a plethora of challenges. However, each pope has addressed the challenges in their own distinct manner. Likewise, Pope Francis has not been an exception. According to the International Bulletin of Missionary Research (2013), since his election as a pope, he has already encountered different challenges, and is expected to face more challenges in future. Some of these challenges emanate from the church, and the pope is expected to provide a redress for them. Nonetheless, governance is one of the major challenges, which the pope has faced, and will continue to face in the future. Pope Francis, being a leader, has to make important decisions as far as governance is concerned. For instance, he had to appoint his secretary of state. This is a senior position, which is regarded second after the pope. Therefore, appointing a secretary requires the pope to have experience in the Curia, be strong-willed, and exhibit aspects of reform. On the contrast, Pope Francis is considered to have less experience in the Curia, and exhibits more pastoral than managerial capabilities (International Bulletin of Missionary Research, 2013). In addition, Pope Francis has to deal with the practical problems of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church is big in size, thus faces different challenges in the form of social and economic issues, and doctrinal issues, among others. For instance, the pope has to deal with all the financial affairs of the Vatican, including the finances that goes out and comes into the church. In addition, Pope Francis has to address issues in the church, such as homosexuality, divorce, the position of women in the church, and abortion, among others. On the aspect of homosexuality, Pope Francis’ recent remarks about homosexuality have elicited considerable controversy. Although Pope Francis argued against judging gay people, but instead welcoming them to the church, these sentiments were welcomed with criticisms from those people, who feel that homosexuality in society should be condemned (Montoya, 2013). Overall, Pope Francis being a spiritual leader and a symbol of church unity, also faces the challenge of ensuring the stability of the Catholic Church. This includes him reaching out to the large number of secular Catholics and maintaining the relevancy of the Catholic Church. Throughout history, the Catholic Church has been implicated with different controversies, most of which have persisted even today. First, there is the common Catholic contraception controversy. Since the Catholic Church is known to be prolife, this advocates for the ban on contraception and abortion. This stand of the Catholic Church therefore, continues to result in a collision between religion and public health. This also hampers ...
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However, one of the more messages of Pope's criticism, is that literary genres are not fixed and static, rather, they intertwine and mix with others. Shakespeare might have been writing with 'tragedy' as a form, but his knowledge of Julius Ceasar, all of the King Henry's or King Richards, was unquestionably informed by the genre of history writing.
Roman Empire was started by Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar who jointly transformed it into a monarchy shunning its republican qualities. Fall of Roman Empire was traced back to the Crisis of the third century, which was caused by political, cultural, and religious transformations for instance Christianity was the main religion till it was conquered by Muslim which took over the Empire which led to decline of populations of people.
This Pope is considered the father of the medieval Papacy. His accession to the Papacy was accepted only after a severe interior struggle. Pope Gregory the great used power to ascend to the papacy and this is how his era is defined. Pope Gregory found Italy and the papacy in an alarming state.
1039 – 1056) removed the papacy from the local Roman families and placed it into the hands of a line of German popes who ruled the church with firm authority. The author Herbert Edward John not only puts forward his arguments but also gives us evidence surrounding the
A Crusade is a special war or military expedition carried on under that standard [Cross] is the characteristic symbol of its object either of conquest or vengeance or of the conversion of people to the Christian Faith by force of arms.” (MacIntyre 75). This provides the general definition of the term as it has evolved to become.
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Montini was born in a wealthy upper-class family, with his father being a lawyer and an advocate of social action (Weigel, 2005). Montini received his early education from the Jesuits near his home in 1916, and he
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After 11 ballots, Roncalli was elected as the pope at the age of 76 on 28
efined his profession until his uncle rose to papacy and Robrigo was immediately adopted into the Callixtus family and was known to the Italians as Rodrigo Borgio (Gwynne 30)
His uncle then sent him to study law in the University of Bologna. At the age of 25, (1456) he was made
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