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Describe and explain how changes in ideology since 1945 to present have impacted on social policy in the united kingdom - Essay Example

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Describe and explain how changes in ideology since 1945 to present have impacted on social policy in the united kingdom

Social policy just after the Second World War covered only five issues: unemployment, poor housing, poverty, inadequate education and sickness. However, in contemporary times, social policy covers other additional vital social ills such as sexism and racism, and is a contemporary landmark is social policy (Baldock 2008, p. 21). In the period around 1945, the subject of social policy was largely concerned with what the main architect of the British welfare state, William Beveridge, described as the 5 giants. In contemporary terms, these giants included joblessness, inadequate education, poverty, poor housing and ill health. For William, dealing with these social ills was a crucial component of the post war rebuilding. The rollout of services aimed at addressing the social ills marked a major shift concerning social citizenship and it was only natural that a dissimilar body of intellectuals would turn their attention to this significant facet of government policy (Hunter & Killoran 2010, p. 25). Nonetheless, over the course of the period after 1945, analysts of social policy started to see gaps in the welfare state of Beveridge. They pointed to persistence of poverty amidst plenty, and the hidden giants of racism and sexism not tackled by the Beveridgean welfare state. These criticisms have shaped contemporary social policy that covers the areas that welfare state failed to address. The changes have broadened contemporary social policy and have necessitated the UK government to work with other groups such as businesses, families and charities so as to deliver effectual social policies (Baldock 2008, p. 27). The process involved in the development of a key Act of Parliament is as follows: If the bill starts from the House of Commons, it goes through the following processes in the House of Commons: 1st reading, 2nd reading, Committee stage, Report state and 3rd reading. Next, it goes through the following processes in the House of Lords: 1st reading, 2nd reading, Committee stage, Report state and 3rd reading. The next step is Consideration of amendments and the final step is Royal Assent. If the bill starts from the House of Lords, it goes through the following processes in the House of Lords first: 1st reading, 2nd reading, Committee stage, Report state and 3rd reading. The bill then goes through the following process in the House of Commons: 1st reading, 2nd reading, Committee stage, Report state and 3rd reading. The step after that is Consideration of amendments and lastly Royal Assent. There are 2 major influences on the development of social policy: firstly, ideologies – differing ideologies from those of William Beveridge in the post-War period to those of scholars in the course of the post-War era who critiqued Beveridge to contemporary social policy analysts and intellects have served to shape and broaden the concept of social policy in the UK. The ideology of William Beveridge stressed on the 5-giants, whist those of succeeding scholars and analysts broadened on them to what social policy entails currently (Hill & Hupe 2009, p. 42). Secondly, politics/government is also a major influence in that if political leaders and the government do not pass/enact laws that support social policy and social policy initiatives, then social policy would not be effective. Imperative Acts in line with social policy such as the National Insurance Acts that favours the disabled, elderly and unemployed; and the Education Act that encouraged all children to ...Show more

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How changes in ideology since 1945 to present have impacted on social policy in the United Kingdom Student: Professor: Date: How changes in ideology since 1945 to present have impacted on social policy in the United Kingdom Social policy is simply a policy, which deals with social issues…
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Describe and explain how changes in ideology since 1945 to present have impacted on social policy in the united kingdom essay example
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