This paper would explore the proposition that one of the largely ignored reasons for the decline in union membership and density in the 21st Century is the displacement of union roles by government statutes. Over the past decade, unions have used their political clout to advocate legislation and establish regulatory agencies that supersede entirely or greatly circumscribe the scope of collective bargaining on many issues of significance to employees. When deciding whether or not to form or join a union, workers balance the costs of doing so, such as union dues, against the expected benefits, such as better working conditions and pensions. While the costs of joining unions are seemingly unaffected by most labor legislation, the potential benefits of doing so decline. Because they are already buying labor protection and mandated fringe benefits with tax dollars, workers have less incentive to join unions. The political success of unions in the past has surely played some role in undermining their future prospects, as in the case of VBY union.
It is no secret that labour unions have been declining in membership and influence for many years. The number of unionized workers in the Europe was only 16.7 million in 1990, which is approximately 16 percent of the workforce. ...Show more