As health organisations come together to understand the problems that seem to plague socioeconomic levels, there needs to be some explanation as to why there are these problems in existence.
The health system in general is riddled with inequalities broken down into two main classifications: ethnic group and social class. This paper will endeavour to break down these inequalities through explanation of cultural differences, social class distinctions including review of the Marxist viewpoint as well as a Functionalist viewpoint. It is important to realise that these viewpoints have pros and cons and will be evaluated only on those distinctions.
It has been shown that historically, there is a higher occurrence of illnesses and shorter lifespan recorded for those individuals who are unemployed, work within the household (i.e. housewives) and those are not potentially in the workforce itself. This common denominator seems to affect how health care is provided and delivered to these demographics.
The purpose of the model shown is to emphasise that "interac...
This common denominator seems to affect how health care is provided and delivered to these demographics.
The purpose of the model shown is to emphasise that "interactions is needed between these different layers. For example, individual lifestyles are embedded in social and community networks and in living and working conditions, which in turn are related to the wider cultural and socioeconomic environment." (Acheson, 1998)
Another important factor in understanding the socioeconomic factors with respect to "differential exposure - from before birth and across the life span - to risks associated with socioeconomic position are also important in explaining health inequalities which exist by ethnicity and gender and how these risks are interconnected are shown here." (Acheson, 1998)
One of the findings throughout this process has been constantly brought back to social class inequalities in the type of health care that is received in an effort to ensure cross-platform health care. It is important to realize that those individuals on the lower end of the spectrum with respect to receiving "top notch" health care in relation to the individuals on the high end of the spectrum are still prevalent today.
For instance, individuals who are on the high end of the scale for shortened life span due to smoking may be part of the privileged few that can afford the necessary treatments to cease the usage of smoke cessation products like cigarettes; but, on the other end of the treatment scenario, you may have those individuals that cannot afford the treatments to stop the cycle of tobacco reliance and therefore miss out on the opportunity to relieve themselves of this addiction.
Another important factor in understanding the ethnic inequalities is that many of these